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The Effect of Remittances on Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence


  • Christian Hubert Ebeke

    () (CERDI-Université d''Auvergne Clermont 1 (FRANCE))


This paper examines the relationship between migrants remittances and the prevalence of child labor by using a large sample of developing countries. In particular, we investigate whether the inflow of remittances helps to offset the effects of financial constraints and income shocks on the prevalence of child labor. From on a sample of 82 developing countries (of which 31 are African) observed in the year 2000 and after taking into account the endogeneity of remittances, migration and financial development, we show that remittances reduce significantly the prevalence of child labor in developing countries characterized by weak financial systems and by strong income instability. However, we have not found a statistically significant relationship between adults emigration and child labor at home.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Hubert Ebeke, 2010. "The Effect of Remittances on Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(1), pages 351-364.
  • Handle: RePEc:ebl:ecbull:eb-09-00662

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Edmonds, Eric V. & Pavcnik, Nina, 2006. "International trade and child labor: Cross-country evidence," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 115-140, January.
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    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Christian EBEKE, 2010. "Transferts des migrants, ouverture sur l'extérieur et dépenses publiques dans les pays en développement," Working Papers 201011, CERDI.
    2. Jean-Louis Combes & Christian Hubert Ebeke & Mathilde Maurel & Thierry Yogo, 2011. "Remittances and the Prevalence of Working Poor," Working Papers halshs-00585004, HAL.
    3. Ralitza Dimova & Gil S. Epstein & Ira N. Gang, 2015. "Migration, Transfers and Child Labor," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 735-747, August.
    4. Jamal BOUOIYOUR & Amal MIFTAH, 2013. "Transferts de fonds, éducation et travail des enfants au Maroc. Une analyse par score de propension," Working Papers 2012-2013_5, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Apr 2013.
    5. Delphine Boutin, 2011. "Envoi de fonds et allocation du temps des enfants au Niger : L’effet indirect des chocs négatifs," Larefi Working Papers 1105, Larefi, Université Bordeaux 4.
    6. Bouoiyour, Jamal, 2013. "Transferts de fonds, éducation et travail des enfants au Maroc: Une analyse par score de propension
      [Remittances, Education and Child labor in Morocco: A propensity score matching approach]
      ," MPRA Paper 46063, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Bargain, Olivier & Boutin, Delphine, 2014. "Remittances and Child Labour in Africa: Evidence from Burkina Faso," IZA Discussion Papers 8007, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Delphine Boutin, 2011. "Envoi de fonds et allocation du temps des enfants au Niger : L'effet indirect des chocs négatifs," Working Papers hal-00637607, HAL.

    More about this item


    Remittances; Financial development; Income variability; Child labor; Instrumental variables;

    JEL classification:

    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development


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