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Choques externos y remesas internacionales en las regiones de Colombia

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  • Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía

    (Banco de la República, Colombia)

Abstract

Este documento estudia el efecto de choques externos sobre el ingreso de los hogares desde una perspectiva regional. Las medidas de choques externos ponderan el crecimiento económico de los países receptores por los flujos de migraciones de cada región. Los efectos se estiman con modelos de diferencias en diferencias en una muestra de encuestas de hogares que va de 2007 a 2015. Los resultados muestran que el buen desempeño económico en los países receptores se traduce en mayores ingresos en las regiones de alta migración, lo que se explica en gran medida por el aumento en las remesas. Las mayores ganancias se registran en los ingresos laborales de las familias no-receptoras de remesas, lo cual indica que las remesas generan importantes externalidades positivas. En otras medidas de calidad de vida, como afiliación en salud, asistencia escolar y trabajo infantil, los efectos estimados tienden a ser más pequeños y a variar por países.

Suggested Citation

  • Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía, 2017. "Choques externos y remesas internacionales en las regiones de Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 35(84), pages 189-202, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:ensayo:v:35:y:2017:i:84:p:189-202
    DOI: 10.1016/j.espe.2017.05.001
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Remesas; Migraciones; Ingresos; Economía regional; Colombia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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