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Transferts de fonds, éducation et travail des enfants au Maroc. Une analyse par score de propension

Author

Listed:
  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR
  • Amal MIFTAH

Abstract

Cet article explore les facteurs explicatifs de la disparité de la demande d’éducation et de l’offre de travail des enfants en considérant les ménages avec et sans migrants internationaux. Il s’agit, en particulier, de mettre en évidence le rôle des transferts de fonds des migrants dans l’éducation et dans le travail des enfants marocains, à l’aide d'une enquête effectuée dans la région de Souss-Massa-Draa (Sud du Maroc). Nous traitons le problème d’endogéinité potentiel des transferts des migrants en utilisant la méthode des variables instrumentales. Nos résultats montrent que ces flux financiers ont un effet positif sur la proportion d’enfants scolarisés au sein des ménages migrants. De plus, le nombre d’enfants, qui cumulent emploi et scolarité, vivant dans des ménages migrants est nettement moins élevé par rapport à celui des enfants des ménages sans migrants. Nos résultats montrent aussi l’effet positif des transferts sur la scolarité des enfants pauvres. Il semble également que l’activité partielle des enfants ou des adolescents pauvres baisse, de manière significative grâce aux transferts financiers des migrants. The purpose of this paper is to examine the impact of remittances on child labor and demand of education using survey data on the Souss-Massa-Draa region (South of Morocco). Based on an instrumental variables probit model, we find a positive and significant effect of remittances on the investments in education. Furthermore, the number of children living in migrant households who accumulate employment and schooling is clearly less raised compared with the children of the households of group of control (non migrant households). Moreover, our results show the positive effect of remittances on the schooling of the poor children. It also seems that the partial participation of poor children or teenagers in work declines more significantly through migrant remittances.

Suggested Citation

  • Jamal BOUOIYOUR & Amal MIFTAH, 2013. "Transferts de fonds, éducation et travail des enfants au Maroc. Une analyse par score de propension," Working Papers 2012-2013_5, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Apr 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2012-2013_5
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    File URL: http://gtl.univ-pau.fr/travaux/842F_122123_2012_2013_5DocWcattTravail_des_enfants_JBouoiyour_AMiftah.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bouoiyour, Jamal & Miftah, Amal, 2014. "Education, Genre et Transferts de fonds des migrants: Quelles interactions dans le Maroc rural ?
      [Education, Gender and Remittances: What interactions in rural Morocco?]
      ," MPRA Paper 57051, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Halliday, Timothy, 2006. "Migration, Risk, and Liquidity Constraints in El Salvador," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(4), pages 893-925, July.
    3. repec:dau:papers:123456789/11242 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Christian Hubert Ebeke, 2010. "The Effect of Remittances on Child Labor: Cross-Country Evidence," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 30(1), pages 351-364.
    5. David McKenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2006. "Migration and Education Inequality in Rural Mexico," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 9392, Inter-American Development Bank.
    6. David McKenzie & Hillel Rapoport, 2006. "Migration and Education Inequality in Rural Mexico," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 2657, Inter-American Development Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Children time allocation; Education attainments; Propensity-Score Matching; Remittances; Morocco;

    JEL classification:

    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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