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Public Bank Guarantees and Allocative Efficiency

Author

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  • Gropp, Reint E.
  • Guettler, Andre
  • Saadi, Vahid

Abstract

In the wake of the recent financial crisis, many governments extended public guarantees to banks. We take advantage of a natural experiment, in which long-standing public guarantees were removed for a set of German banks following a lawsuit, to identify the real effects of these guarantees on the allocation of credit ('allocative efficiency'). Using matched bank/firm data, we find that public guarantees reduce allocative efficiency. With guarantees in place, poorly performing firms invest more and maintain higher rates of sales growth. Moreover, firms produce less efficiently in the presence of public guarantees. Consistently, we show that guarantees reduce the likelihood that firms exit the market. These findings suggest that public guarantees hinder restructuring activities and prevent resources to flow to the most productive uses.

Suggested Citation

  • Gropp, Reint E. & Guettler, Andre & Saadi, Vahid, 2015. "Public Bank Guarantees and Allocative Efficiency," IWH Discussion Papers 7/2015, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iwhdps:iwh-7-15
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Fecht, Falko & Thum, Stefan & Weber, Patrick, 2019. "Fear, deposit insurance schemes, and deposit reallocation in the German banking system," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 151-165.
    2. Behr, Patrick & Schmidt, Reinhard H., 2015. "The German banking system: Characteristics and challenges," SAFE White Paper Series 32, Research Center SAFE - Sustainable Architecture for Finance in Europe, Goethe University Frankfurt.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking; public guarantees; allocative efficiency; Bankwesen; staatliche Garantien; Allokationseffizienz;

    JEL classification:

    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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