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Financial dependence, banking sector competition, and economic growth

  • Claessens, Stijn
  • Laeven, Luc

The relationships among competition in the financial sector, access of firms to external financing, and associated economic growth are ambiguous in theory. Moreover, measuring competition in the financial sector can be complex. In this paper the authors first estimate for 16 countries a measure of banking system competition based on industrial organization theory. They then relate this competition measure to growth of industries and find that greater competition in countries'banking systems allows financially dependent industries to grow faster. These results are robust under a variety of tests. Their results suggest that the degree of competition is an important aspect of financial sector functioning.

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Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 3481.

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Date of creation: 01 Jan 2005
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:3481
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