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Concentration In The Banking Industry And Economic Growth

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  • DEIDDA, LUCA
  • FATTOUH, BASSAM

Abstract

We present an endogenous growth model with two sectors: a real sector where the final good is produced, and a banking sector that intermediates between savers and firms. Banking concentration exerts two opposite effects on growth. On the one hand, it induces economies of specialization, which is beneficial to growth. On the other hand, it results in duplication of banks' investment in fixed capital, which is detrimental to growth. The trade-off between the two opposing effects is ambiguous and can vary along the process of economic development. Hence, there is a potential nonlinear and nonmonotonic relationship between concentration and growth. We test this implication, using cross-country data on income and industry growth. We find that banking concentration is negatively associated with per-capita income growth and industrial growth only in low-income countries. This suggests that reducing concentration is more likely to promote growth in low-income countries than in high-income ones.

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  • Deidda, Luca & Fattouh, Bassam, 2005. "Concentration In The Banking Industry And Economic Growth," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(2), pages 198-219, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:cup:macdyn:v:9:y:2005:i:02:p:198-219_04
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    Cited by:

    1. Ho-Chuan Huang & WenShwo Fang & Stephen M. Miller, 2012. "Banking Market Structure, Liquidity Needs, and Industrial Growth Volatility," Working papers 2012-26, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
    2. Michiel Bijlsma & Andrei Dubovik, 2014. "Banks, Financial Markets and Growth in Developed Countries: a Survey of the empirical literature," CPB Discussion Paper 266, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    3. Fatima Zahra Bendriouch & Harit Satt & Mohamed M’hamdi, 2020. "Do Islamic Banks Contribute to Economic Growth? Evidence from the GCC Countries," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 10(5), pages 352-360.
    4. Benfratello, Luigi & Schiantarelli, Fabio & Sembenelli, Alessandro, 2008. "Banks and innovation: Microeconometric evidence on Italian firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(2), pages 197-217, November.
    5. Habib Hussain Khan & Rubi Binit Ahmad & Chan Sok Gee, 2016. "Market Structure, Financial Dependence and Industrial Growth: Evidence from the Banking Industry in Emerging Asian Economies," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 11(8), pages 1-24, August.
    6. Edgar A. Ghossoub & Robert R. Reed, 2015. "Banking Competition, Production Externalities, and the Effects of Monetary Policy," Working Papers 0167eco, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    7. Gurnain Kaur Pasricha, 2009. "Bank Competition and International Financial Integration:Evidence Using a New Index," Working Papers 242009, Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research.
    8. Hamada, Kojun & Kaneko, Akihiko & Yanagihara, Mitsuyoshi, 2018. "Oligopolistic competition in the banking market and economic growth," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 239-248.
    9. Moretti, Luigi, 2008. "Bank Concentration and Structure of Manufacturing Sectors: Differences Between High and Low Income Countries," MPRA Paper 18867, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Stijn Claessens & Luc Laeven, 2005. "Financial Dependence, Banking Sector Competition, and Economic Growth," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 3(1), pages 179-207, March.
    11. Edgar A. Ghossoub & Robert R. Reed, 2019. "Banking competition, production externalities, and the effects of monetary policy," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 67(1), pages 91-154, February.
    12. Masagus M. Ridhwan & Henri L.F. de Groot & Piet Rietveld & Peter Nijkamp, 2012. "Regional Interest Rate Variations: Evidence from the Indonesian Credit Markets," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-073/3, Tinbergen Institute.
    13. Florian Leon, 2015. "What do we know about the role of bank competition in Africa?," Working Papers halshs-01164864, HAL.
    14. Ali Mirzaei & Tomoe Moore, 2019. "Real Effect of Bank Efficiency: Evidence from Disaggregated Manufacturing Sectors," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 86(341), pages 87-115, January.
    15. Mark A. Roberts, 2009. "Financial Market Competition And Economic Growth: The Importance Of How Profits Are Returned," Bulletin of Economic Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 61(1), pages 21-46, January.
    16. G. Marletto, 2006. "La politica dei trasporti come politica per l'innovazione: spunti da un approccio evolutivo," Working Paper CRENoS 200605, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    17. Mariarosaria Agostino & Francesco Trivieri, 2008. "Banking Competition and SMEs Bank Financing. Evidence from the Italian Provinces," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 8(1), pages 33-53, March.
    18. Michiel Bijlsma & Andrei Dubovik, 2014. "Banks, Financial Markets and Growth in Developed Countries: a Survey of the empirical literature," CPB Discussion Paper 266.rdf, CPB Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis.
    19. Edgar A. Ghossoub, 2013. "Banking Competition: Implications for Welfare and Monetary Policy," Working Papers 0182eco, College of Business, University of Texas at San Antonio.
    20. Dragan Lončar & Vesna Rajić, 2012. "Concentration And Competitiveness O The Banking Market In Serbia: Current Situation And Possible Future Changes Under The Influence Of Market Consolidation," Serbian Association of Economists Journal, SAE - Serbian Association of Economists, issue 7-8, pages 372-385, December.

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    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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