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Concentration in the banking industry and economic growth

  • L. Deidda

    ()

  • B. Fattouh

We present an OLG endogenous growth model in which a reduction in the level of concentration in the banking industry exterts two opposite e.ects on economic growth. On the one hand, it induces economies of specialisation which enhances intermediation e.ciency and thereby eco- nomic growth. On the other hand, it results in duplication of fixed costs which is detrimental for e.ciency and growth. The trade o. between the two opposing e.ects is ambiguous and can vary along with the dynamic process of financial and economic development. Using cross country in- dustry data we find that banking concentration is negatively associated with industrial growth only in low income countries while there is no such asssociation in high income countries. These empirical findings support the model.s prediction that there exist a di.erent relationship between banking concentration and growth depending on the level of economic development.

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Paper provided by Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia in its series Working Paper CRENoS with number 200202.

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Date of creation: 2002
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Handle: RePEc:cns:cnscwp:200202
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  1. Greenwood, Jeremy & Jovanovic, Boyan, 1988. "Financial Development, Growth, And The Distribution Of Income," Working Papers 88-12, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  2. De Gregorio, Jose & Guidotti, Pablo E., 1995. "Financial development and economic growth," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 433-448, March.
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  12. Bencivenga, V.R. & Smith, B.D., 1988. "Some Consequences Of Credit Rationing In An Endogenous Growth Model," RCER Working Papers 159, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  13. Emilia Bonaccorsi di Patti & Giovanni Dell'Ariccia, 2000. "Bank competition and firm creation," Proceedings 680, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  14. Bruce D. Smith & John H. Boyd, 1998. "The evolution of debt and equity markets in economic development," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 519-560.
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  18. Rajan, Raghuram G & Zingales, Luigi, 1998. "Financial Dependence and Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 559-86, June.
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  26. Giovanni Dell & Ariccia#x2019, 2000. "Learning by Lending, Competition, and Screening Incentives in the Banking Industry," Center for Financial Institutions Working Papers 00-10, Wharton School Center for Financial Institutions, University of Pennsylvania.
  27. repec:cup:macdyn:v:5:y:2001:i:3:p:413-33 is not listed on IDEAS
  28. King, Robert G. & Levine, Ross, 1993. "Finance, entrepreneurship and growth: Theory and evidence," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 513-542, December.
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