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Finance and Growth: A Survey of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature

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  • Felix Eschenbach

    (Department of Economics, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, and Tinbergen Institute)

Abstract

This paper reviews the theoretical and empirical literature on links between domestic financial development and economic growth. It starts with the pioneers in this field and then classifies two main schools favouring liberal financial regimes. First McKinnon and Shaw advocated financial liberalization in a period of widespread government intervention in credit markets. After that a period of criticism of free market regimes followed, partly based on unsuccessful policies. The literature on financial development and endogenous growth pushed the discussion back into the direction initially advocated by McKinnon and Shaw. We review a huge body of empirical literature, which generally finds positive associations between domestic financial development and economic growth. The evidence suggests, however, enormous heterogeneity across countries, regions, financial factors, and directions of causality.

Suggested Citation

  • Felix Eschenbach, 2004. "Finance and Growth: A Survey of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 04-039/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20040039
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Erasmus L. Owusu & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2015. "Financial Sector Reforms and Economic Growth in Ghana: a Dynamic ARDL Model," Contemporary Economics, University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw., vol. 9(2), June.
    3. Tajudeen, Egbetunda & Taofeek Olusola, Ayinde & AbdulGaniy Ademola, Balogun, 2017. "Interest Rate Liberalization, Financial Development and Economic Growth in subSaharan African Economies," African Journal of Economic Review, African Journal of Economic Review, vol. 5(2), July.
    4. Evans, Olaniyi, 2016. "Determinants of Financial Inclusion in Africa: A Dynamic Panel Data Approach," MPRA Paper 81326, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Salvatore Perri, 2013. "The role of macroeconomic stability in the finance-growth nexus. Threshold regression approach," STUDI ECONOMICI, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2013(110), pages 57-81.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial Liberalization; Financial Development; Endogenous Growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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