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How do bank competition, regulation, and institutions shape the real effect of banking crises? International evidence

  • Fernández, Ana I.
  • González, Francisco
  • Suárez, Nuria
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    This paper studies the influence of bank competition on the real effect of 36 systemic banking crises in 30 countries over the 1980–2000 period and how this influence varies across countries depending on bank regulation and institutions. We find that bank market power is not on average useful for mitigating the negative real effect of a systemic banking crisis. Market power promotes higher growth during normal times in industries that are more dependent on external finance but induces a bigger reduction in growth during systemic banking crises. We also find a country-specific effect depending on bank regulation and institutions. Stringent capital requirements and poor protection of creditor rights increase the benefits of bank market power for mitigating the negative real effect of a systemic banking crisis because bank market power has a positive effect on economic growth during both crisis and non-crisis periods in these environments.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of International Money and Finance.

    Volume (Year): 33 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 19-40

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:jimfin:v:33:y:2013:i:c:p:19-40
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