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Bullied because younger than my mates? The effect of age rank on victimization at school

Author

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  • Ballatore, Rosario Maria
  • Paccagnella, Marco
  • Tonello, Marco

Abstract

Using census data on three cohorts of 5th grade Italian students we investigate how the ordinal rank in the within-school age distribution affects the probability of being bullied. Identification is achieved by exploiting within-school between-cohort variation in the age composition of different school cohorts, and through an IV strategy based on the discontinuity in the probability of enrolling in a given school year generated by an end-of-year cut-off rule. We find that being in the upper part of the school age distribution reduces the probability of being bullied: a one-decile increase in the within-school rank decreases the probability of being victimized by about one percentage point. The effects are stronger for females, children from disadvantaged backgrounds, and children spending the entire day at school; they do not depend on the choice of the reference group, as defined according to socio-demographic characteristics.

Suggested Citation

  • Ballatore, Rosario Maria & Paccagnella, Marco & Tonello, Marco, 2017. "Bullied because younger than my mates? The effect of age rank on victimization at school," GLO Discussion Paper Series 116, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:116
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    Cited by:

    1. Comi, Simona & Origo, Federica & Pagani, Laura & Tonello, Marco, 2020. "Last and Furious: Relative Position and School Violence," IZA Discussion Papers 13554, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    2. Contini, Dalit & Tommaso, Maria Laura Di & Mendolia, Silvia, 2017. "The gender gap in mathematics achievement: Evidence from Italian data," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 32-42.
    3. Abatemarco, Antonio & Cavallo, Mariagrazia & Marino, Immacolata & Russo, Giuseppe, 2021. "Age Effects in Education: A Double Disadvantage for Second-Generation Immigrant Children," GLO Discussion Paper Series 761, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    4. Júlia Sbroglio Rizzotto & Marco Túlio Aniceto França, 2021. "Does Bullying Affect the School Performance of Brazilian Students? An Analysis Using Pisa 2015," Child Indicators Research, Springer;The International Society of Child Indicators (ISCI), vol. 14(3), pages 1027-1053, June.
    5. Pauline GIVORD, 2020. "How age at entry at school affects future educational and socio-emotional outcomes: evidence from PISA," Working Papers 2020-27, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
    6. Peña, Pablo A., 2020. "Relative age and investment in human capital," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    bullying; ordinal rank; relative age; school violence;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification

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