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Collusion through joint R&D: An empirical assessment

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  • Duso, Tomaso
  • Röller, Lars-Hendrik
  • Seldeslachts, Jo

Abstract

This paper tests whether upstream R&D cooperation leads to downstream collusion. We consider an oligopolistic setting where firms enter in research joint ventures (RJVs) to lower production costs or coordinate on collusion in the product market. We show that a sufficient condition for identifying collusive behavior is a decline in the market share of RJV-participating firms, which is also necessary and sufficient for a decrease in consumer welfare. Using information from the U.S. National Cooperation Research Act, we estimate a market share equation correcting for the endogeneity of RJV participation and R&D expenditures. We find robust evidence that large networks between direct competitors - created through firms being members in several RJVs at the same time - are conducive to collusive outcomes in the product market which reduce consumer welfare. By contrast, RJVs among non-competitors are efficiency enhancing.

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  • Duso, Tomaso & Röller, Lars-Hendrik & Seldeslachts, Jo, 2012. "Collusion through joint R&D: An empirical assessment," DICE Discussion Papers 79, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:dicedp:79
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    Cited by:

    1. Ibáñez Zarate, Guiomar, 2014. "Innovation and horizontal mergers in a vertically related industry," Working Papers 2072/242274, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    2. Hinloopen, J. & Smrkolj, G. & Wagener, F.O.O., 2013. "In Defense of Trusts: R&D Cooperation in Global Perspective," CeNDEF Working Papers 13-05, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Center for Nonlinear Dynamics in Economics and Finance.
    3. Tannistra Banerjee & Stephen Martin, 2015. "Pharmaceutical Regulation and Innovative Performance: A Decision‐theoretic Model," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 36(3), pages 177-190, April.
    4. Andreoli-Versbach, Patrick & Franck, Jens-Uwe, 2013. "Actions Speak Louder than Words: Econometric Evidence to Target Tacit Collusion in Oligopolistic Markets," Discussion Papers in Economics 16179, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    5. Aguiar, Luis & Gagnepain, Philippe, 2017. "European cooperative R&D and firm performance: Evidence based on funding differences in key actions," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-31.
    6. König, Michael & Liu, Xiaodong & Zenou, Yves, 2014. "R&D Networks: Theory, Empirics and Policy Implications," CEPR Discussion Papers 9872, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    7. Jeroen Hinloopen & Grega Smrkolj & Florian Wagener, 2016. "R&D Cooperatives and Market Collusion: A Global Dynamic Approach," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-048/II, Tinbergen Institute.
    8. Daniel Rondeau & Pascal Courty & Maurice Doyon, 2016. "Simultaneous Allocation of Bundled Goods through Auctions: Assessing the Case for Joint Bidding," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 98(3), pages 838-859.
    9. López, Ángel Luis & Vives, Xavier, 2016. "Cross-ownership, R&D Spillovers, and Antitrust Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 11315, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    10. Jing Cai & Adam Szeidl, 2016. "Interfirm Relationships and Business Performance," Natural Field Experiments 00562, The Field Experiments Website.
    11. Tannista Banerjee & Ralph Siebert, 2013. "The Impact of R&D Cooperation on Drug Variety Offered on the Market: Evidence from the Pharmaceutical Industry," Auburn Economics Working Paper Series auwp2013-20, Department of Economics, Auburn University.
    12. Naoto Aoyama & Emilson C.D. Silva, 2017. "Asymmetric Innovation Agreements under Environmental Regulation," CESifo Working Paper Series 6782, CESifo Group Munich.
    13. Ibañez-Zarate, Guiomar, 2015. "The determinants of partner choice for cooperative innovation: The effect of competition," Working Papers 2072/252214, Universitat Rovira i Virgili, Department of Economics.
    14. Ralph Siebert, 2013. "Are Ex Ante and Ex Post Licensing Agreements Useful Instruments to Lessen Uncertainty in R&D?," CESifo Working Paper Series 4535, CESifo Group Munich.
    15. Subhasish M. Chowdhury & Stephen Martin, 2011. "Innovation Races with the Possibility of Failure," Working Papers 1106, University of Otago, Department of Economics, revised Aug 2011.
    16. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:7:p:1255-1271 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Andreoli-Versbach, Patrick & Franck, Jens-Uwe, 2015. "Endogenous price commitment, sticky and leadership pricing: Evidence from the Italian petrol market," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 32-48.
    18. repec:eee:indorg:v:53:y:2017:i:c:p:32-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. repec:eee:indorg:v:54:y:2017:i:c:p:89-124 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Ángel L. López & Xavier Vives, 2016. "Overlapping Ownership, R&D Spillovers, and Antitrust Policy," CESifo Working Paper Series 5935, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Research Joint Ventures; Innovation; Collusion; NCRA;

    JEL classification:

    • K21 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Antitrust Law
    • L24 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Contracting Out; Joint Ventures
    • L44 - Industrial Organization - - Antitrust Issues and Policies - - - Antitrust Policy and Public Enterprise, Nonprofit Institutions, and Professional Organizations
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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