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Collusion and Research Joint Ventures

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  • Kaz Miyagiwa

Abstract

We examine whether cooperation in R&D leads to product market collusion. Suppose that firms engage in a stochastic R&D race while maintaining the collusive equilibrium in a repeated-game framework. Innovation under competitive R&D creates inter-firm asymmetries, which destabilizes the collusive equilibrium. Innovation sharing through cooperative R&D preserves symmetries, thereby facilitating collusion. Sharing an efficient technology also increases industry profit, which contributes to the collusion stability but also raises social welfare. Interestingly, a welfare improvement is less likely if innovation leads to a large cost reduction. The effect of licensing under competition R&D is also examined.

Suggested Citation

  • Kaz Miyagiwa, 2007. "Collusion and Research Joint Ventures," ISER Discussion Paper 0704, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University.
  • Handle: RePEc:dpr:wpaper:0704
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    1. Tomaso Duso & Lars-Hendrik Röller & Jo Seldeslachts, 2014. "Collusion Through Joint R&D: An Empirical Assessment," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 96(2), pages 349-370, May.
    2. Jeroen Hinloopen & Grega Smrkolj & Florian Wagener, 2016. "R&D Cooperatives and Market Collusion: A Global Dynamic Approach," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 16-048/II, Tinbergen Institute.
    3. Karbowski, Adam & Kryśkiewicz, Łukasz & Prokop, Jacek, 2018. "Kartele jako przedmiot polityki gospodarczej [Cartels in Public Policy Perspective]," MPRA Paper 90364, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2018.
    4. Aguiar, Luis & Gagnepain, Philippe, 2017. "European cooperative R&D and firm performance: Evidence based on funding differences in key actions," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-31.
    5. Jeroen Hinloopen & Grega Smrkolj & Florian Wagener, 2017. "Research and Development Cooperatives and Market Collusion: A Global Dynamic Approach," Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, Springer, vol. 174(2), pages 567-612, August.
    6. Rockett, Katharine, 2010. "Property Rights and Invention," Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, in: Bronwyn H. Hall & Nathan Rosenberg (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 0, pages 315-380, Elsevier.
    7. Shastitko, Andrei (Шаститко, Андрей), 2015. "A new look at the antimonopoly control of horizontal agreements [Новый Взгляд На Антимонопольный Контроль Горизонтальных Соглашений]," Economic Policy, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, vol. 3, pages 134-154.
    8. Motchenkova, E.I. & Rus, O., 2011. "Research joint ventures and price collusion: Joint analysis of the impact of R&D subsidies and antitrust fines," Serie Research Memoranda 0025, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    9. Ángel L. López & Xavier Vives, 2019. "Overlapping Ownership, R&D Spillovers, and Antitrust Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 127(5), pages 2394-2437.
    10. Levy, Nadav, 2012. "Technology sharing and tacit collusion," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 204-216.
    11. López, Ángel Luis & Vives, Xavier, 2016. "Cross-ownership, R&D Spillovers, and Antitrust Policy," CEPR Discussion Papers 11315, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Claudia Ranocchia & Luca Lambertini, 2021. "Porter Hypothesis vs Pollution Haven Hypothesis: Can There Be Environmental Policies Getting Two Eggs in One Basket?," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 78(1), pages 177-199, January.
    13. Prokop, Jacek & Karbowski, Adam, 2018. "R&D spillovers and cartelization of industries with differentiated products," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 44-56.
    14. Adam Karbowski & Jacek Prokop, 2018. "R&D activities of enterprises, product market leadership, and collusion," Zbornik radova Ekonomskog fakulteta u Rijeci/Proceedings of Rijeka Faculty of Economics, University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics and Business, vol. 36(2), pages 735-753.
    15. Karbowski Adam & Prokop Jacek, 2020. "The Impact of Patents and R&D Cooperation on R&D Investments in a Differentiated Goods Industry," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 15(1), pages 122-133, June.
    16. Małgorzata Knauff & Adam Karbowski, 2021. "R&D Investments in Markets with Network Effects," Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 225-250, June.
    17. Bourreau, Marc & Cambini, Carlo & Hoernig, Steffen, 2018. "Cooperative investment, access, and uncertainty," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 78-106.
    18. Naoto Aoyama & Emilson C.D. Silva, 2017. "Asymmetric Innovation Agreements under Environmental Regulation," CESifo Working Paper Series 6782, CESifo.

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