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How does bank competition affect systemic stability ?

Author

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  • Anginer, Deniz
  • Demirguc-Kunt, Asli
  • Zhu, Min

Abstract

Using bank level measures of competition and co-dependence, the authors show a robust positive relationship between bank competition and systemic stability. Whereas much of the extant literature has focused on the relationship between competition and the absolute level of risk of individual banks, in this paper we examine the correlation in the risk taking behavior of banks, hence systemic risk. The analysis finds that greater competition encourages banks to take on more diversified risks, making the banking system less fragile to shocks. Examining the impact of the institutional and regulatory environment on systemic stability shows that banking systems are more fragile in countries with weak supervision and private monitoring, high government ownership of banks, and in countries with public policies that restrict competition. Furthermore, lack of competition has a greater adverse effect on systemic stability in countries with generous safety nets and weak supervision.

Suggested Citation

  • Anginer, Deniz & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Zhu, Min, 2012. "How does bank competition affect systemic stability ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5981, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5981
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Uluc Aysun & Ralf Hepp, 2014. "A comparison of the internal and external determinants of global bank loans: Evidence from bilateral cross-country data," Working Papers 2014-01, University of Central Florida, Department of Economics.
    2. Christian Calm¨¨s & Raymond Th¨¦oret, 2013. "Is the Canadian Banking System Really ¡°Stronger¡± than the U.S. One?," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 3, pages 1-18, November.
    3. Fiordelisi, Franco & Mare, Davide Salvatore & Molyneux, Philip, 2015. "State-Aid, Stability and Competition in European Banking," MPRA Paper 67473, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Han, Rui & Melecky, Martin, 2013. "Financial inclusion for financial stability : access to bank deposits and the growth of deposits in the Global Financial Crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6577, The World Bank.
    5. Anginer, Deniz & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli & Zhu, Min, 2014. "How does deposit insurance affect bank risk? Evidence from the recent crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 312-321.
    6. Maimbo, Samuel Munzele & Melecky, Martin, 2014. "Financial sector policy in practice : benchmarking financial sector strategies around the world," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6746, The World Bank.
    7. Florian LEON, 2015. "What do we know about the role of bank competition in Africa?," Working Papers 201516, CERDI.
    8. Essid, Zina & Boujelbene, Younes & Plihon, Dominique, 2014. "Institutional quality and bank instability: cross-countries evidence in emerging countries," MPRA Paper 56251, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Andrievskaya, Irina & Semenova, Maria, 2016. "Does banking system transparency enhance bank competition? Cross-country evidence," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 23(C), pages 33-50.
    10. Liangliang Jiang & Ross Levine & Chen Lin, 2017. "Does Competition Affect Bank Risk?," NBER Working Papers 23080, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Cihak, Martin & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli, 2013. "Rethinking the state's role in finance," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6400, The World Bank.
    12. Paolo Coccorese, 2014. "Estimating the Lerner index for the banking industry: a stochastic frontier approach," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(2), pages 73-88, January.
    13. Anginer, Deniz & Demirguc-Kunt, Asli, 2014. "Bank capital and systemic stability," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6948, The World Bank.
    14. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2014. "Does business regulation matter for banks in the European Union?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 278-324.
    15. Xavier Freixas & Kebin Ma, 2014. "Banking competition and stability: The role of leverage," Economics Working Papers 1440, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    16. Christian Calmès & Raymond Théoret, 2013. "Is the Canadian banking system really “stronger” than the U.S. one?," RePAd Working Paper Series UQO-DSA-wp022013, Département des sciences administratives, UQO.
    17. Uluc Aysun, 2015. "The effects of global bank competition and presence on local business cycles: The Goldilocks principle does not apply to global banking," Working Papers 2015-02, University of Central Florida, Department of Economics, revised Oct 2015.
    18. Fu, Xiaoqing (Maggie) & Lin, Yongjia (Rebecca) & Molyneux, Philip, 2014. "Bank competition and financial stability in Asia Pacific," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 64-77.
    19. Ronald Fischer & Nicolás Inostroza & Felipe J. Ramírez, 2015. "Banking Competition and Economic Stability," Documentos de Trabajo 320, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    20. Wahyoe Soedarmono & Romora Edward Sitorus & Amine Tarazi, 2015. "Bank charter value, systemic risk and credit reporting systems: Evidence from the Asia-Pacific region," Working Papers hal-01174111, HAL.
    21. Ronald Fischer & Nicolás Inostroza & Felipe J. Ramírez, 2013. "Banking Competition and Economic Stability," Documentos de Trabajo 296, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    22. Dyna Heng, 2015. "Impact of the New Financial Services Law in Bolivia on Financial Stability and Inclusion," IMF Working Papers 15/267, International Monetary Fund.
    23. BARRA, Cristian & ZOTTI, Roberto, 2017. "Bank Performance, Financial Stability and Market Competition: do Cooperative and Non-Cooperative Banks Behave Differently?," CELPE Discussion Papers 143, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.

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    Keywords

    Banks&Banking Reform; Access to Finance; Debt Markets; Financial Intermediation; Emerging Markets;

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