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Demographic Change in Models of Endogenous Economic Growth. A Survey

  • Klaus Prettner
  • Alexia Prskawetz

The purpose of this article is to identify the role of population size, population growth and population ageing in models of endogenous economic growth. While in exogenous growth models demographic variables are linked to economic prosperity mainly via the population size, the structure of the workforce, and the capital intensity of workers, endogenous growth models and their successors also allow for interrelationships between demography and technological change. However, most of the existing literature considers only the interrelationships based on population size and its growth rate and does not explicitly account for population ageing. The aim of this paper is (a) to review the role of population size and population growth in the most commonly used economic growth models (with a focus on endogenous economic growth models), (b) discuss models that also allow for population ageing, and (c) sketch out the policy implications of the most commonly used endogenous growth models and compare them to each other.

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File URL: http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/download/WP2010_08.pdf
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Paper provided by Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna in its series Working Papers with number 1008.

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Length: 23 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:vid:wpaper:1008
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.oeaw.ac.at/vid/

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  1. Klaus Prettner, 2013. "Population aging and endogenous economic growth," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 26(2), pages 811-834, April.
  2. de la Croix, David & Licandro, Omar, 1997. "Life expectancy and endogenous growth," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 1997029, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
  3. Michael Kuhn & Stefan Wrzaczek & Alexia Prskawetz & Gustav Feichtinger, 2010. "Externalities in a Life-Cycle Model with Endogenous Survival," Working Papers 1001, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
  4. Bilal Barakat & Johannes Holler & Klaus Prettner & Julia Schuster, 2010. "The Impact of the Economic Crisis on Labour and Education in Europe," Working Papers 1006, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
  5. Theresa Grafeneder-Weissteiner & Klaus Prettner, 2010. "Agglomeration processes in ageing societies," Working Papers 1005, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
  6. Klaus Prettner & Alexia Prskawetz, 2009. "Decreasing Fertility, Economic Growth and the Intergenerational Wage Gap," Working Papers 0906, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
  7. Hippolyte D'Albis, 2007. "Demographic structure and capital accumulation," Post-Print hal-00630200, HAL.
  8. Stefan Wrzaczek & Michael Kuhn & Alexia Prskawetz & Gustav Feichtinger, 2009. "The Reproductive Value in Distributed Optimal Control Models," Working Papers 0906, Vienna Institute of Demography (VID) of the Austrian Academy of Sciences in Vienna.
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