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Human-Capital Spillover, Population, and Economic Growth

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  • Bharat Diwakar
  • Gilad Sorek

Abstract

We study two-sector R&D model with endogenous human capital accumulation. Allowing for fractional human capital spillover from parents to their o¤spring, which are subject to congestion in fertility rate, we establish non-monotonic relations between population growth and economic growth. These non-monotonic relations, which are polynomial in general, are determined by the base level of human capital spillover and the magnitude of the congestion e¤ect: a U shape relation can arise under low congestion factor, whereas a hump shape may present for high congestion factor.

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  • Bharat Diwakar & Gilad Sorek, 2016. "Human-Capital Spillover, Population, and Economic Growth," Auburn Economics Working Paper Series auwp2016-02, Department of Economics, Auburn University.
  • Handle: RePEc:abn:wpaper:auwp2016-02
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    3. Bharat Diwakar & Gilad Sorek, 2016. "Life-Cycle Saving, Bequests, and the Role of Population in R&D-based Growth," Auburn Economics Working Paper Series auwp2016-05, Department of Economics, Auburn University.
    4. Bharat Diwakar & Gilad Sorek, 2016. "Dynastic Altruism, Population, and R&D based Growth," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 36(4), pages 2003-2009.
    5. Nguyen Duc Hanh & Bui Manh Dung, 2021. "Investigation of Causal Correlations Between Higher Education Development and Economic Growth in Vietnam," Review of European Studies, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 13(2), pages 1-83, June.
    6. Ibrar Hussain & Zahoor Khan & Muhmmad Rafiq, 2017. "Compositional Changes in Public Expenditure and Economic Growth: Time Series Evidence from Pakistan," Business & Economic Review, Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar, Pakistan, vol. 9(1), pages 1-20, March.
    7. Antoni Pestaria & Kamaludin & Husaini & Fadli, 2022. "The Mediating Role of Age Productivity on Human Resources Development, Health Infrastructure, and Proverty Level," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 12(1), pages 11-18.
    8. Barkhordar, Zahra A., 2019. "Evaluating the economy-wide effects of energy efficient lighting in the household sector of Iran," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 127(C), pages 125-133.
    9. Bosede Ngozi Adeleye & Ismail Bengana & Abdelaziz Boukhelkhal & Mohammad Musa Shafiq & Hauwah K. K. Abdulkareem, 2022. "Does Human Capital Tilt the Population-Economic Growth Dynamics? Evidence from Middle East and North African Countries," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 162(2), pages 863-883, July.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Innovation-Based Growth; Population Growth; Human-Capital Spillover;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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