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Explaining the dynamics of stagnation: An empirical examination of the North, Wallis and Weingast approach

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  • Bluhm, Richard

    () (UNU-MERIT / MGSOG, Maastricht University)

  • Crombrugghe, Denis de

    () (UNU-MERIT / MGSOG, and School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University)

  • Szirmai, Adam

    () (UNU-MERIT / MGSOG, Maastricht University)

Abstract

This paper analyzes periods of economic stagnation in a panel of countries. We test if stagnation episodes are predicted by institutional factors and external/internal shocks, as is implied by recent theoretical contributions, and compare the impacts of these variables with those of traditional macroeconomic variables. We examine the determinants of stagnation episodes using multivariate dynamic linear models, fixed-effects logit models, and dynamic random effects probit models. In addition, we analyze whether the included variables have different impacts on the onset of a stagnation episode than on its continuation. We find that inflation, negative regime changes, real exchange rate undervaluation, financial openness, and trade openness explain the incidence of stagnation spells. Only in the case of trade openness, there is robust evidence of a differential impact; it reduces the probability of falling into a stagnation spell, but has a weaker effect within a spell. All models account for unobserved heterogeneity and exhibit a moderate degree of positive state-dependence.

Suggested Citation

  • Bluhm, Richard & Crombrugghe, Denis de & Szirmai, Adam, 2012. "Explaining the dynamics of stagnation: An empirical examination of the North, Wallis and Weingast approach," MERIT Working Papers 040, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2012040
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bluhm R & Crombrugghe D.P.I. de & Szirmai A., 2013. "Do weak institutions prolong crises? : On the identification, characteristics, and duration of declines during economic slumps," MERIT Working Papers 069, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    2. Szirmai, Adam, 2013. "Institutions and economic growth: Summary and synthesis," MERIT Working Papers 070, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    growth episodes; stagnation; institutions; dynamic panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities

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