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The effect of ESCOs on carbon dioxide emissions

Author

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  • WenShwo Fang

    (Feng Chia University)

  • Stephen M. Miller

    (University of Nevada, Las Vegas and University of Connecticut)

Abstract

Proponents of energy service companies (ESCOs) argue that these firms provide a crucial instrument for delivering improved energy efficiency in public and private sectors, thus contributing to carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions reduction around the world. Do ESCOs reduce CO2 emissions? To answer this question, we develop an estimating equation, which approximates the IPAT model, from a simple model of production. Based on the modified dynamic IPAT model, using the panel data of 129 countries over the period 1980 to 2007, we provide significant evidence to show that the ESCOs effectively reduce CO2 emissions and this effect increases over time. These findings also prove robust to the inclusion of a set of control variables, different dates of the first ESCO, and the Kyoto Protocol. Finally, we discuss energy policy implications.

Suggested Citation

  • WenShwo Fang & Stephen M. Miller, 2012. "The effect of ESCOs on carbon dioxide emissions," Working papers 2012-14, University of Connecticut, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:uct:uconnp:2012-14
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Akman, Ugur & Okay, Esin & Okay, Nesrin, 2013. "Current snapshot of the Turkish ESCO market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 106-115.
    2. repec:nwe:eajour:y:2017:i:4:p:651-670 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Hasanov, Fakhri J. & Bulut, Cihan & Suleymanov, Elchin, 2016. "Do population age groups matter in the energy use of the oil-exporting countries?," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 82-99.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy service companies (ESCOs); Carbon dioxide (C02) emissions; Dynamic IPAT model;

    JEL classification:

    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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