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Vieillissement et richesse des nations

  • Jacques Le Cacheux

    (OFCE)

  • Vincent Touze

    (OFCE)

Cet article examine l’impact du vieillissement sur l’accumulation patrimoniale et la croissance économique, l’objectif étant d’analyser la diffusion des effets du vieillissement dans l’économie au niveau des comportements individuels, au niveau des finances publiques ainsi qu’en termes d’équilibre général. La démarche retenue est analytique. Nous montrons que pour certaines règles institutionnelles de régime de retraite, notamment à cotisations retraite inchangées, le vieillissement est toujours un facteur de développement : l’allongement de la durée d’inactivité incitant à une épargne plus abondante, il en résulte que le vieillissement des générations actuelles est aussi favorable aux générations futures. Seule une élévation majeure du poids du système par répartition peut conduire à une contraction du patrimoine et à une réduction de la croissance. Nous discutons également du bénéfice moral du vieillissement, des conséquences possibles sur la croissance ainsi que des règles de partage équitable et de l’incidence sur l’offre de travail.

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Paper provided by Sciences Po in its series Sciences Po publications with number info:hdl:2441/2087.

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Date of creation: Jan 2003
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Publication status: Published in Revue de l'OFCE, 2003
Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/2087
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