SIDA et développement : un enjeu mondial
This article presents a review of the economic debates about AIDS epidemics in Africa, especially the debates about the (restricted) access to patented drugs and about the intellectual property rights used in international trade (WTO, TRIPs). The paper details the different forms of the impact of the disease on the economy and describes the studies available for the African countries. The ignorance of some delayed forms of the impact (human capital accumulation) could have conducted the studies to underestimate the effect of the disease on the mechanisms of development of this very poor countries. This last statement plaids for a global public intervention at two levels : a re-evaluation of the legislation on intellectual property rights ; the creation of a global fund in which the poor countries could find the concrete results of real world unity and governance. JEL codes : F13, I18, K11, O55.
References listed on IDEAS
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- Cuddington, John T & Hancock, John D, 1995. "The Macroeconomic Impact of AIDS in Malawi: A Dualistic, Labour Surplus Economy," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 4(1), pages 1-28, May.
- Ainsworth, Martha & Over, Mead, 1994. "AIDS and African Development," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 9(2), pages 203-240, July.
- R Bonnel, 2000. "HIV/AIDS and Economic Growth: A Global Perspective," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 68(5), pages 360-379, December.