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Incidences économiques, politiques et redistributives des réformes des retraites en Europe. Une exploration avec le modèle INGENUE

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[eng] The distributive allocative and policy effects of european public pensions reforms, an investigation with the ingenue model This paper presents various effects of three simulated reforms ofthe European pay-as-you-go system. These are investigated with INGENUE: a multi-region, general equilibrium, overlapping-generation model of the world economy. Reforms are presented around a baseline scenario where constant replacement ratio of public pension over net wage rate is assumed. Alternative reforms are: constant contribution rate, legal retirement age postponement and constant replacement ratio of public pension over gross wage rate. We then investigate the allocative, distributive and politic effects of these various policy. [fre] Cet article présente trois simulations de l'impact de réformes des systèmes de retraite en Europe. Ces simulations sont réalisées avec le modèle INGENUE, modèle d'équilibre général calculable à générations imbriquées de l'économie mondiale. Les réformes envisagées sont des variantes autour d'un compte central qui postule le maintien d'un taux constant de remplacement des pensions sur les salaires nets. Les trois réformes étudiées sont : le maintien d'un taux constant de cotisation sociale, le maintien d'un taux constant de remplacement des pensions sur le salaire brut, et l'allongement de la durée d'activité. Les impacts de ces réformes sont alors examinés sous les angles économique, politique et redistributif.

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  • Equipe INGENUE, 2002. "Incidences économiques, politiques et redistributives des réformes des retraites en Europe. Une exploration avec le modèle INGENUE," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(4), pages 787-808.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_4_410444 Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410444
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    1. Demekas, Dimitri G & Kontolemis, Zenon G, 2000. " Government Employment and Wages and Labour Market Performance," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 62(3), pages 391-415, July.
    2. Holmlund, Bertil, 1997. "Macroeconomic Implications of Cash Limits in the Public Sector," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 64(253), pages 49-62, February.
    3. Holmlund, Bertil & Linden, Johan, 1993. "Job matching, temporary public employment, and equilibrium unemployment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(3), pages 329-343, July.
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