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Incidences économiques, politiques et redistributives des réformes des retraites en Europe: Une exploration avec le modèle INGENUE

Author

Listed:
  • Michel Aglietta

    (Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales)

  • Jean Chateau

    (UFR Mathématique et informatique)

  • Jacky Fayolle

    (Centre Etudes & Prospective)

  • Michel Juillard

    (Bases, Corpus, Langage)

  • Jacques Le Cacheux

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Gilles Le Garrec
  • Vincent Touze

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

Cet article présente trois simulations de l’impact de réformes des systèmes de retraite en Europe. Ces simulations sont réalisées avec le modèle INGENUE, modèle d’équilibre général calculable à générations imbriquées de l’économie mondiale. Les réformes envisagées sont des variantes autour d’un compte central qui postule le maintien d’un taux constant de remplacement des pensions sur les salaires nets. Les trois réformes étudiées sont : le maintien d’un taux constant de cotisation sociale, le maintien d’un taux constant de remplacement des pensions sur le salaire brut, et l’allongement de la durée d’activité. Les impacts de ces réformes sont alors examinés sous les angles économique, politique et redistributif.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Aglietta & Jean Chateau & Jacky Fayolle & Michel Juillard & Jacques Le Cacheux & Gilles Le Garrec & Vincent Touze, 2002. "Incidences économiques, politiques et redistributives des réformes des retraites en Europe: Une exploration avec le modèle INGENUE," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/4321, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/4321
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. E. S. Phelps, 1966. "Models of Technical Progress and the Golden Rule of Research," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(2), pages 133-145.
    2. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth S. Rogoff, 1996. "Foundations of International Macroeconomics," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262150476, January.
    3. Robert E. Lucas, 2000. "Some Macroeconomics for the 21st Century," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 159-168, Winter.
    4. Modigliani, Franco, 1986. "Life Cycle, Individual Thrift, and the Wealth of Nations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 297-313, June.
    5. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 2001. "The Six Major Puzzles in International Macroeconomics: Is There a Common Cause?," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000, Volume 15, pages 339-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Jonathan Temple, 1999. "The New Growth Evidence," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(1), pages 112-156, March.
    7. Helmut Reisen, 2000. "Pensions, Savings and Capital Flows," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2017, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Baby-boom; Systèmes publics de retraite; Finances sociales;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

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