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A political economy model of immigration quotas

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Abstract

The paper examines a model in which the number of immigrants allowed into a country is the outcome of a costly political lobbying process between a firm and a union. The union and the firm bargain over the wage of natives after the number of immigrants that will be permitted is known. I consider two contest success functions: one in which the lobbyist with the higher effort is not necessarily the winner and another in which the lobbyist with the higher effort wins with certainty (i.e., the all-pay auction). Comparative statics results are derived to show how the reservation wage of immigrants, the size of the union, the sensitivity of the legislature to lobbying, the reservation of wage of natives, the price of the firm's product and the firm's bargaining power affect immigration quotas and the post-immigration wage of natives. I also discuss some limitations of my results.

Suggested Citation

  • J. Atsu Amegashie, 2000. "A political economy model of immigration quotas," Discussion Papers dp00-19, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University, revised 19 Sep 2000.
  • Handle: RePEc:sfu:sfudps:dp00-19
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. George J. Borjas, 1995. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 3-22, Spring.
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    6. Myers, Gordon M. & Papageorgiou, Yorgos Y., 2000. "Immigration control and the welfare state," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(2), pages 183-207, February.
    7. Amegashie, J. Atsu, 2001. "An all-pay auction with a pure-strategy equilibrium," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 79-82, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    all-pay auction; immigration; lobbying; mixed strategy; Nash bargaining;

    JEL classification:

    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior
    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • J5 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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