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Credit Markets, Relationship Banking, and Firm Entry

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  • Minetti, Raoul

    (Michigan State University, Department of Economics)

  • Cao, Qingqing

    (Michigan State University, Department of Economics)

  • Giordani, Paolo

    (Luiss University)

  • Murro, Pierluigi

    (Luiss University)

Abstract

Credit frequently flows to the business sector through information-intensive bank-firm relationships. This paper studies the impact of relationship banking on firm entry. Exploiting Italian data, we document that relationship-oriented local credit markets feature lower firm entry, larger size at entry, and relatively more spin-offs than de novo entrepreneurs' entries. Information spillovers from credit relationships to entrants contribute to these effects. A dynamic general equilibrium model calibrated to the Italian data can match the effects when information spillovers are allowed for. Relationship banks' information on incumbents is trans-ferable to incumbents' spin-offs but crowds out information acquisition on de novo entrants. The buildup of incumbents' business wealth during credit relationships can outweigh the aggregate output effect of reduced entry.

Suggested Citation

  • Minetti, Raoul & Cao, Qingqing & Giordani, Paolo & Murro, Pierluigi, 2020. "Credit Markets, Relationship Banking, and Firm Entry," Working Papers 2020-10, Michigan State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:msuecw:2020_010
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit Relationships; Firm Entry; Information Spillovers; Spin-offs;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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