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Anti-Money Laundering Enforcement, Banks, and the Real Economy

Author

Listed:
  • Senay Agca

    (George Washington University)

  • Pablo Slutzky

    (University of Maryland)

  • Stefan Zeume

    (University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign)

Abstract

We exploit a tightening of anti-money laundering (AML) enforcement that imposed disproportionate costs on small banks to examine the effects of a change in bank composition on real economic outcomes. In response to intensified enforcement, counties prone to high levels of money laundering experience a departure of small banks and increased activity by large banks. This results in an increase in the number of small establishments and real estate prices. Consistent with a household demand channel, wages and employment increase in the non-tradable sector. Last, we document secured lending as a potential driver of this outcome.

Suggested Citation

  • Senay Agca & Pablo Slutzky & Stefan Zeume, 2021. "Anti-Money Laundering Enforcement, Banks, and the Real Economy," Working Papers 2021-20, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:gwi:wpaper:2021-20
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Money laundering; Financial Institutions; Real economy; Deposits and lending; Financial crime;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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