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Does Financing Spur Small Business Productivity? Evidence from a Natural Experiment

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  • Karthik Krishnan
  • Debarshi K. Nandy
  • Manju Puri

Abstract

We analyze how increased access to financing affects firm total factor productivity (TFP) by exploiting a natural experiment following interstate banking deregulations that increased access to bank financing. We find that firms' TFP increases after their states implement these deregulations. Using a regression discontinuity approach based on the Small Business Administration's funding eligibility criteria, we show that TFP increases following the deregulations are significantly greater for financially constrained firms. Our results suggest that greater access to financing allows financially constrained firms to invest in productive projects that may otherwise not be taken up.

Suggested Citation

  • Karthik Krishnan & Debarshi K. Nandy & Manju Puri, 2015. "Does Financing Spur Small Business Productivity? Evidence from a Natural Experiment," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 28(6), pages 1768-1809.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:rfinst:v:28:y:2015:i:6:p:1768-1809.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nuri Ersahin, 2018. "Creditor Rights, Technology Adoption, and Productivity: Plant-Level Evidence," Working Papers 18-20, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    2. Díaz, Violeta & Huang, Ying, 2017. "The role of governance on bank liquidity creation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 137-156.
    3. John (Jianqiu) Bai & Daniel Carvalho & Gordon Phillips*, 2016. "The Impact of Bank Credit on Labor Reallocation and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Working Papers 16-26, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    4. repec:eee:jbfina:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:57-69 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Ajai Chopra, 2015. "Financing Productivity- and Innovation-Led Growth in Developing Asia: International Lessons and Policy Issues," Working Paper Series WP15-6, Peterson Institute for International Economics.
    6. Nuri Ersahin, 2017. "Creditor Rights, Technology Adoption, and Productivity: Plant-Level Evidence," Working Papers 17-36, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    7. Nuri Ersahin & Rustom M. Irani, 2015. "Collateral Values and Corporate Employment," Working Papers 15-30r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    8. repec:eee:juecon:v:99:y:2017:i:c:p:120-135 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Vittoria, Cerasi & Sebastian, Deininger & Leonardo, Gambacorta & Tommaso, Oliviero, 2017. "How post-crisis regulation has affected bank CEO compensation," Working Papers 365, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised 28 Apr 2017.
    10. Sari Pekkala Kerr & William R. Kerr & Ramana Nanda, 2015. "House Money and Entrepreneurship," Harvard Business School Working Papers 15-069, Harvard Business School.
    11. Takahashi, Hidenori & Yamada, Kazuo, 2015. "IPOs, growth, and the impact of relaxing listing requirements," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 505-519.
    12. repec:eee:jbfina:v:81:y:2017:i:c:p:1-19 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:eee:jfinec:v:128:y:2018:i:1:p:66-85 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Dominykas Poderys, 2015. "Does Access to External Finance Affect Development of Small and Medium Enterprises and Economic Growth?," European Journal of Business Science and Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 43-53, November.
    15. Nittai K. Bergman & Rajkamal Iyer & Richard T. Thakor, 2015. "Financial Accelerator at Work: Evidence from Corn Fields," NBER Working Papers 21086, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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