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Trade Liberalization with Endogenous Borrowing Constraints

  • Alessandro Dovis

    (University of Minnesota)

  • Wyatt Brooks

    (University of Minnesota)

A recent empirical literature has documented that credit availability is a significant barrier for firm-level exports. We develop a dynamic general equilibrium trade model with heterogeneous monopolistic competitive firms and imperfect credit markets due to limited contract enforceability. We show that this model is consistent with the findings of the empirical literature. We ask if credit constraints reduce gains from a tariff reduction. In a calibrated example, we find that the percentage change in steady state consumption is in an economy with limited enforcement is approximately equal to the change in an equivalent one with perfect credit markets. We conclude that the presence of financial constraints at the firm level does not reduce the aggregate gains from a tariff reduction. This is because the credit constraints respond to profit opportunities. When tariffs are reduced, exporters are more profitable, which allows them to borrow more. In an equivalent economy where credit constraints are exogenous, there is a 10% smaller increase in consumption from tariff reduction.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2011 Meeting Papers with number 631.

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Date of creation: 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:red:sed011:631
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Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA

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  1. Kalina Manova, 2013. "Credit Constraints, Heterogeneous Firms, and International Trade," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 80(2), pages 711-744.
  2. Nicolas Berman & Jérôme Héricourt, 2008. "Financial Factors and the Margins of Trade: Evidence from Cross-Country Firm-Level Data," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00321632, HAL.
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  8. Urban Jermann & Vincenzo Quadrini, 2002. "Stock Market Boom and the Productivity Gains of the 1990s," NBER Working Papers 9034, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
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  11. Gorodnichenko, Yuriy & Schnitzer, Monika, 2010. "Financial constraints and innovation: Why poor countries don't catch up," CEPR Discussion Papers 7721, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  12. Timothy J. Kehoe & David K. Levine, 1992. "Debt constrained asset markets," Working Papers 445, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  13. Gueorgui Kambourov, 2009. "Labour Market Regulations and the Sectoral Reallocation of Workers: The Case of Trade Reforms," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 76(4), pages 1321-1358.
  14. Manova, Kalina, 2008. "Credit constraints, equity market liberalizations and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 33-47, September.
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