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Exporting firms and retail internationalization. Evidence from France

Author

Listed:
  • Angela Cheptea
  • Charlotte Emlinger
  • Karine Latouche

Abstract

This paper questions the impact of the globalization of the retail sector on the export activity of origin country agri-food firms. In a previous paper (Cheptea et al., 2015), we showed that the overseas expansion of a country’s retailers fostered its exports to foreign markets. This effect can be explained by a reduction in trade costs for retailers’ supplying firms in the origin country, or to a change in consumer preferences in the host country that benefits all origin country firms. In this paper, we evaluate which of the two mechanisms dominates. For that, we use an original firm-level database of French agri-food exports, identifying the domestic suppliers of French retailers through certification with the private IFS standard. We find that IFS certified French firms are more likely to export and export larger volumes than noncertified firms to markets where French retailers established outlets. We also show that when French retailers close down their activities in a market, IFS firms face a drop in exports to this market in the subsequent years. The results are robust to the use of different sets of firm- and country-specific fixed effects, are unaffected by possible selection and endogeneity biases, and by the presence in export markets of other retailers. The difference in behavior for certified and non-certified exporting firms on markets where French retailers operate confirms the trade cost advantage of retailers’ suppliers, which is lost when French retailers exit from the destination country.

Suggested Citation

  • Angela Cheptea & Charlotte Emlinger & Karine Latouche, 2015. "Exporting firms and retail internationalization. Evidence from France," Working Papers SMART - LERECO 15-13, INRA UMR SMART-LERECO.
  • Handle: RePEc:rae:wpaper:201513
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/229198/2/WP15-13.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Raff, Horst & Schmitt, Nicolas, 2015. "Retailing and international trade: A survey of the literature," Economics Working Papers 2015-02, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, Department of Economics.
    2. Eaton, Jonathan & Kortum, Samuel, 2001. "Trade in capital goods," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 45(7), pages 1195-1235.
    3. Thomas Chaney, 2008. "Distorted Gravity: The Intensive and Extensive Margins of International Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 98(4), pages 1707-1721, September.
    4. Cheptea, Angela & Emlinger, Charlotte & Latouche, Karine, 2012. "Multinational Retailers and Home Country Exports," 2012: New Rules of Trade? December 2012, San Diego, California 142777, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium.
    5. Thierry Mayer & Gianmarco Ottaviano, 2008. "The Happy Few: The Internationalisation of European Firms," Intereconomics: Review of European Economic Policy, Springer;German National Library of Economics;Centre for European Policy Studies (CEPS), vol. 43(3), pages 135-148, May.
    6. Matthieu Crozet & Keith Head & Thierry Mayer, 2012. "Quality Sorting and Trade: Firm-level Evidence for French Wine," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 79(2), pages 609-644.
    7. John A. Dawson, 2007. "Scoping and conceptualising retailer internationalisation," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(4), pages 373-397, July.
    8. Angela Cheptea & Charlotte Emlinger & Karine Latouche, 2015. "Multinational Retailers and Home Country Food Exports," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 97(1), pages 159-179.
    9. Head, Keith & Jing, Ran & Swenson, Deborah L., 2014. "From Beijing to Bentonville: Do multinational retailers link markets?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 79-92.
    10. Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås & Massimo Geloso Grosso & Enrico Pinali, 2008. "Market Structure in the Distribution Sector and Merchandise Trade," OECD Trade Policy Papers 68, OECD Publishing.
    11. Emmanuelle Chevassus-Lozza & Karine Latouche, 2012. "Firms, markets and trade costs: access of French exporters to European agri-food markets," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 39(2), pages 257-288, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    multinational retailers; firm-level exports; private standards;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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