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Is growth pro-poor in Benin? evidence using a multidimensional measure of poverty


  • Gbetoton Nadege, Djossou
  • Gilles Quentin, Kane
  • Novignon, Jacob


In recent years, economic development discourse has moved beyond increasing economic growth to ensuring that growth also leads to reduction in poverty and inequality. This motivates the current study to examine the relationship between economic growth and poverty in Benin. We used data from the 2006 and 2011 Benin Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and computed a multidimensional poverty index using the Multiple Correspondence Analysis (MCA). Growth pro-poorness was then estimated using the Pro-Poor Growth Rate (PPGR) and Poverty Equivalent Growth Rate (PEGR). The distribution of growth pro-poorness was also analysed using the Growth Incidence Curves (GIC) and Non-Income Growth Incidence Curve (NIGIC). Average multidimensional poverty rate was estimated to be about 55.3%. The findings show that while growth has generally been pro-poor in Benin, there exists disparities across rural and urban households, women as well as the elderly. The findings reinforce the need for broader poverty measures and refocusing poverty reduction strategies to marginalised groups in Benin.

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  • Gbetoton Nadege, Djossou & Gilles Quentin, Kane & Novignon, Jacob, 2017. "Is growth pro-poor in Benin? evidence using a multidimensional measure of poverty," MPRA Paper 77963, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:77963

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. United Nations UN, 2015. "The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015," Working Papers id:7097, eSocialSciences.
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    5. Djossou, Gbètoton Nadège Adèle & Monwanou, Djohodo Ines & Novignon, Jacob, 2016. "Improving access to microcredit in Benin: are the poor and women benefiting?," MPRA Paper 72219, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Abayomi Samuel Oyekale*, 2015. "Non-monetary assessment of pro-poor growth in Nigeria: evidence from demographic and health surveys," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 49(1), pages 107-132, January-M.
    7. Ezzrar, Abdeljaouad & Verme , Paolo, 2012. "A multiple correspondence analysis approach to the measurement of multidimensional poverty in Morocco, 2001-2007," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6087, The World Bank.
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    12. Kojo Appiah-Kubi & Edward Amanning-Ampomah & Christian Ahortor, 2007. "Multi-Dimensional Analysis of Poverty in Ghana Using Fuzzy Sets Theory," Working Papers PMMA 2007-21, PEP-PMMA.
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    More about this item


    Multidimensional poverty; pro-poor growth; Benin;

    JEL classification:

    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • P46 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Consumer Economics; Health; Education and Training; Welfare, Income, Wealth, and Poverty

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