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Analyse Multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté au Bénin: une approche par les sous-ensembles flous
[Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in Benin: A Fuzzy Subsets Approach]


  • Hounkpodote, Hilaire


Poverty is a complex concept which multidimensional aspect is not often taken into account in the analysis and the apprehension of the phenomenon in Benin. The Integrated Modular Survey on household Living Conditions (2006) give us the opportunity to apprehend the phenomenon as a whole by a new approach based on fuzzy subsets to shed light on new knowledge of poverty in Benin. The results show that the multidimensional poverty index for Benin is 53.90% with differences at the level of the department, the place of residence, the gender of the household head and the eleven dimensions retained for the analysis (health, education, etc). In addition, the characterization of the households relative to the degree of poverty shows differentiated profiles. This implies that strategies to reduce poverty cannot lean on a single instrument or focus on one field, but must resort to use a set of measures affecting its various dimensions.

Suggested Citation

  • Hounkpodote, Hilaire, 2009. "Analyse Multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté au Bénin: une approche par les sous-ensembles flous
    [Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in Benin: A Fuzzy Subsets Approach]
    ," MPRA Paper 27005, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Aug 2009.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:27005

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Theorie Des Ensembles Flous Et Decomposition Multidimensionnelle De La Pauvreté : Le Cas Du Senegal," Cahiers de recherche 05-05, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    2. François Bourguignon & Satya Chakravarty, 2003. "The Measurement of Multidimensional Poverty," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 25-49, April.
    3. Bantilan, Maria Cynthia S. & Bantilan, F.T. & de Castro, M.M., 1992. "Fuzzy Subset Theory in the Measurement of Poverty," Philippine Journal of Development JPD 1992 Vol. XIX No. 1-d, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    4. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Multidimensional Decomposition Of Poverty: A Fuzzy Set Approach," Cahiers de recherche 05-08, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    5. Yaya Koloma, 2008. "Contribution à l'analyse de la pauvreté non-monétaire micro-multidimensionnelle au Mali," Documents de travail 142, Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV.
    6. Oumar Diop Diagne & Ousmane Faye & Salimata Faye, 2007. "Le noyau dur de la pauvreté au Sénégal," Working Papers PMMA 2007-17, PEP-PMMA.
    7. Bibi, Sami, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Multidimensional Perspective: a Review of Literature," Working Papers PMMA 2005-07, PEP-PMMA.
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    More about this item


    Multidimensional poverty; fuzzy subsets; dimensions; membership functions;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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