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Contribution à l'analyse de la pauvreté non-monétaire micro-multidimensionnelle au Mali

Listed author(s):
  • Yaya Koloma

    (GED, Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV)

L’objectif de ce papier est d’explorer l’aspect multidimensionnel de la pauvreté non-monétaire au Mali. Les précédentes analyses et mesures de la pauvreté ont été réalisées à travers une approche monétaire. Une récente étude de la pauvreté monétaire montre que l’incidence s’élève à 68,4 pour cent de la population, dont un tiers vivrait dans l’extrême pauvreté, et que l’incidence relative aux femmes et aux hommes est comparable – respectivement, 67,8 et 68,7 pour cent. Un tel résultat relativise l’idée communément admise d’une pauvreté à visage féminin. Dans ce contexte, l’approche monétaire, malgré son importance, demeure rigide pour appréhender l’ensemble des besoins de chaque individu, une situation qui conduit à développer de nouvelles approches et concepts de la pauvreté. A cet égard, le concept multidimensionnel de la pauvreté (non-monétaire) est admis, et permet de capter de nombreuses dimensions de bien-être et de donner d’intéressants résultats proches de la réalité. Ainsi, l’intérêt principal de cette approche, notamment celle de Chakravarty et alii, est la décomposition d’indicateurs multidimensionnels en sous-groupes (dans notre cas en régions, milieu ou genre) et attributs (les dimensions considérées). Dans le cas du Mali, les résultats obtenus tendent à confirmer les statistiques officielles de la pauvreté monétaire, mais relativisent celles qui concernent la problématique du genre. The purpose of this paper is to explore the micro-multidimensionality of the non-monetary poverty in Mali. The previous measure and analysis of poverty are based on a monetary concept. The recent study about the poverty, based on a monetary approach, shows that the poverty’s incidence is 68.3 percent including 1/3 living in extreme poverty. The results illustrate that women (67,8 percent) would be at the same level or less poor than men (68,7 percent) and that carries out to reconsider the admitted idea of the feminisation of poverty. This approach, despite its importance, remains rigid to capture all the needs of each person. It’s the reason which conducts many socio-economists actors to develop some news concepts. Nowadays, the multidimensional concept of the poverty (non- monetary) is admitted and permits to keep many dimensions of welfare and to give interesting results close to the reality. Thus, the main interest of this approach is that the multidimensional index created can be divided in sub-groups (in this case, regions and gender) and attributes (dimensions considered). The results of the data analysis in Mali, give us necessary information which would confirm the official monetary poverty or would contest them, notably concerning the problematic of gender’s situation (male and female).(Full text in french)

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Paper provided by Groupe d'Economie du Développement de l'Université Montesquieu Bordeaux IV in its series Documents de travail with number 142.

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Length: 21 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2008
Handle: RePEc:mon:ceddtr:142
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