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L’Inégalité de Pauvreté Au Cameroun : Une Analyse Empirique à L’aide de la décomposition en sous-groupes de Dagum
[Inequality of poverty in Cameroon: A Dagum sub-group decomposition analysis]

Author

Listed:
  • Biloa Essimi, Jean Aristide
  • Chameni Nembua, Celestin

Abstract

From a multidimensional analysis of poverty which enables us, through the use of technique of fuzzy sets, to construct a poverty indicator in this perspective in Cameroon, we analyse the poverty gaps in our country by making use of the Dagum sub-group decomposition (1997) which breaks down the Gini index into three components. Poverty analysis revealed that education and housing contribute more to the national poverty. The Gini poverty index obtained is 0.188736, and its decomposition revealed that intergroup inequalities contribute most to the overall inequality. This indicates that the poverty gap is wider between the groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Biloa Essimi, Jean Aristide & Chameni Nembua, Celestin, 2011. "L’Inégalité de Pauvreté Au Cameroun : Une Analyse Empirique à L’aide de la décomposition en sous-groupes de Dagum
    [Inequality of poverty in Cameroon: A Dagum sub-group decomposition analysis]
    ," MPRA Paper 32966, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32966
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/37227/1/MPRA_paper_37227.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. C. Chameni Nembua, 2005. "A three components subgroup decomposition of the Hirschman-Herfindahl index and household's income inequalities in Cameroon," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(15), pages 941-947.
    2. Stéphane Mussard & Pi Alperin María Noel, 2005. "Multidimensional Decomposition Of Poverty: A Fuzzy Set Approach," Cahiers de recherche 05-08, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    3. C. Chameni Nembua, 2008. "The 'natural' bidimensional decomposition of inequality indices: evaluating factor contributions to households welfare inequality in Cameroon, 1996-2001," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(12), pages 963-970.
    4. Sen, Amartya K, 1976. "Poverty: An Ordinal Approach to Measurement," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 44(2), pages 219-231, March.
    5. Costa, Michele, 2002. "A multidimensional approach to the measurement of poverty," IRISS Working Paper Series 2002-05, IRISS at CEPS/INSTEAD.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fuzzy sets; Poverty; Inequality ; Sub-group Decomposition; Cameroon;

    JEL classification:

    • C02 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - Mathematical Economics
    • R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - General
    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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