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Pauvreté et inégalités en Tunisie: une approche non monétaire

Listed author(s):
  • Mohamed Ayadi
  • AbdelRahmen El Lahga
  • Naouel Chtioui

Dans ce travail nous construisons un indice composite de bien-être (ICBE) basé sur des attributs non monétaires des conditions de vie des ménages afin d'analyser l'évolution de la pauvreté et des inégalités en Tunisie, entre 1988 et 2001, dans une perspective multidimensionnelle. Nous montrons que la pauvreté a connu une baisse significative durant la période d'étude, bien que les disparités régionales et celles entre milieux de résidence aient connu une certaine constance. La pauvreté est restée toujours un phénomène rural et les régions les plus pauvres du pays, en l'occurence le nord (NO) et le centre ouest (CO) sont toujours les régions les plus démunies. Par ailleurs, l'amélioration des conditions de logement et l'accès aux moyens de communications sont des options non exploitées pouvant avoir des effets marginaux assez importants dans la réduction de la pauvreté. Par ailleurs les inégalités ont connu une forte baisse durant la période d'étude. Toutefois, les régions les plus pauvres et le milieu rural contribuent le plus aux inégalités totales. La décomposition des inégalités par source motnre que l'accès aux moyens de communication et la possession des biens durables contribuent fortement aux écarts de bien-être entre les ménages.

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Paper provided by PEP-PMMA in its series Working Papers PMMA with number 2007-05.

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Date of creation: 2007
Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-05
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  1. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. "Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
  2. Torsten Persson and Guido Tabellini., 1991. "Is Inequality Harmful for Growth? Theory and Evidence," Economics Working Papers 91-155, University of California at Berkeley.
  3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
  4. Menno Pradhan & Martin Ravallion, 2000. "Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions Of Consumption Adequacy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(3), pages 462-471, August.
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