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Pauvreté et inégalités en Tunisie: une approche non monétaire

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamed Ayadi
  • AbdelRahmen El Lahga
  • Naouel Chtioui

Abstract

Dans ce travail nous construisons un indice composite de bien-être (ICBE) basé sur des attributs non monétaires des conditions de vie des ménages afin d'analyser l'évolution de la pauvreté et des inégalités en Tunisie, entre 1988 et 2001, dans une perspective multidimensionnelle. Nous montrons que la pauvreté a connu une baisse significative durant la période d'étude, bien que les disparités régionales et celles entre milieux de résidence aient connu une certaine constance. La pauvreté est restée toujours un phénomène rural et les régions les plus pauvres du pays, en l'occurence le nord (NO) et le centre ouest (CO) sont toujours les régions les plus démunies. Par ailleurs, l'amélioration des conditions de logement et l'accès aux moyens de communications sont des options non exploitées pouvant avoir des effets marginaux assez importants dans la réduction de la pauvreté. Par ailleurs les inégalités ont connu une forte baisse durant la période d'étude. Toutefois, les régions les plus pauvres et le milieu rural contribuent le plus aux inégalités totales. La décomposition des inégalités par source motnre que l'accès aux moyens de communication et la possession des biens durables contribuent fortement aux écarts de bien-être entre les ménages.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Ayadi & AbdelRahmen El Lahga & Naouel Chtioui, 2007. "Pauvreté et inégalités en Tunisie: une approche non monétaire," Working Papers PMMA 2007-05, PEP-PMMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2007-05
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Dollar, David & Kraay, Aart, 2002. "Growth Is Good for the Poor," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 195-225, September.
    2. Persson, Torsten & Tabellini, Guido, 1991. "Is Inequality Harmful for Growth? Theory and Evidence," CEPR Discussion Papers 581, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    4. Menno Pradhan & Martin Ravallion, 2000. "Measuring Poverty Using Qualitative Perceptions Of Consumption Adequacy," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 82(3), pages 462-471, August.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hassine, Nadia Belhaj, 2015. "Economic Inequality in the Arab Region," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 532-556.
    2. Jean-Claude Nsabimana & Nicolas Ndayishimiye & Christian Kwidera & Aurélien Beko, 2013. "Pauvreté monétaire versus non-monétaire au Burundi," Working Papers PMMA 2013-11, PEP-PMMA.
    3. Nsabimana, Jean-claude & Ndayishimiye, Nicolas & Kwidera, Christian & Beko, Aurélien, 2013. "Pauvreté monétaire versus non monétaire au Burundi," PEP Working Papers 160423, Partnership for Economic Policy (PEP).
    4. Biloa Essimi, Jean Aristide & Chameni Nembua, Celestin, 2011. "L’Inégalité de Pauvreté Au Cameroun : Une Analyse Empirique à L’aide de la décomposition en sous-groupes de Dagum [Inequality of poverty in Cameroon: A Dagum sub-group decomposition analysis]," MPRA Paper 32966, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Mohamed Ayadi & Mohamed Amara, 2009. "Spatial Patterns and Geographic Determinants of Welfare and Poverty in Tunisia," Working Papers 478, Economic Research Forum, revised Mar 2009.
    6. Gbetoton Nadege, Djossou & Gilles Quentin, Kane & Novignon, Jacob, 2017. "Is growth pro-poor in Benin? evidence using a multidimensional measure of poverty," MPRA Paper 77963, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Filali, Radhouane, 2008. "Analyse des conditions de l'habitat en Tunisie: une approche par la statistique multivariée [Housing condition analysis in Tunisia: A multivariate approach]," MPRA Paper 12196, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Hounkpodote, Hilaire, 2009. "Analyse Multidimensionnelle de la pauvreté au Bénin: une approche par les sous-ensembles flous [Multidimensional Analysis of Poverty in Benin: A Fuzzy Subsets Approach]," MPRA Paper 27005, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Aug 2009.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pauvreté; inégalité; Tunisie;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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