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Multidimensional Poverty in Senegal: a Non-monetary Basic Needs Approach


  • Jean Bosco Ki
  • Salimata Faye
  • Bocar Faye


An appreciation of poverty that is as complete as possible constitutes an essential step in the analysis of the causes of poverty and in the formulation of policies to combat it. The monetary approach is not sufficient to capture the multiple aspects of poverty: a multidimensional analysis is also needed. The main objective of this research is therefore to construct a composite indicator of poverty using a basic needs approach. The analysis shows that the most widespread forms of poverty in Senegal are related to the vulnerability of human existence and to the lack of infrastructures, elements of comfort and equipment. We estimate the incidence of multidimensional poverty to reach 60%, compared to 48.5% for monetary poverty. Rural areas are particularly affected by non-monetary poverty whereas urban areas are affected more by monetary poverty in spite of the existence of human capital and basic infrastructures. The two types of poverty are quite strongly and positively correlated.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Bosco Ki & Salimata Faye & Bocar Faye, 2005. "Multidimensional Poverty in Senegal: a Non-monetary Basic Needs Approach," Working Papers PMMA 2005-05, PEP-PMMA.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:pmmacr:2005-05

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    2. Bibi, Sami, 2005. "Measuring Poverty in a Multidimensional Perspective: a Review of Literature," Working Papers PMMA 2005-07, PEP-PMMA.
    3. Jacqueline Meulman, 1992. "The integration of multidimensional scaling and multivariate analysis with optimal transformations," Psychometrika, Springer;The Psychometric Society, vol. 57(4), pages 539-565, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Njang Vera Anweh & Ndamsa Dickson Thomas, 2017. "Employment Vulnerability in Cameroon's Private Sector," Research Papers RP_333, African Economic Research Consortium.
    2. Jane Kabubo-Mariara & Anthony Wambugu & Susan Musau, 2011. "Multidimensional Poverty in Kenya: Analysis of Maternal and Child Wellbeing," Working Papers PMMA 2011-12, PEP-PMMA.

    More about this item


    Multidimensional poverty; composite poverty indicator; composite index; basic needs approach; non-monetary poverty; multiple correspondence analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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