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Tendance et profil de la pauvreté au Sénégal de 1994 à 2006

  • Djibril Ndoye
  • Franck Adoho
  • Prospère Backiny-Yetna
  • Mariama Fall
  • Papa Thiecouta Ndiaye
  • Quentin Wodon

L’objectif de cette étude est de présenter des estimations comparables de la pauvreté au Sénégal en utilisant les données des enquêtes ESAM I de 1994-95, ESAM II de 2001-02, et ESPS de 2005/06. L’étude comprend aussi un profil de la pauvreté sur la base des caractéristiques sociodémographiques des ménages. Les estimations reposent sur l’approche du coût des besoins de base qui consiste à estimer la part de la population ou des ménages capables de s’acheter un panier de biens alimentaires de base majoré d’un montant pour les dépenses non alimentaires. Au niveau national, la part des ménages en situation de pauvreté a diminué de 67,9% en 1994/95 à 57,1% en 2001/02, et enfin 50,8 % en 2005/06. Cependant, la pauvreté a diminué davantage en zones urbaines qu’en zones rurales. De fortes différences dans les niveaux de pauvreté sont aussi observées selon les caractéristiques des ménages, dont leur taille, l’éducation de leurs membres et le type d’emploi ou d’occupation exercé.

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Article provided by Association Africaine pour les Sciences sociales in its journal Perspective Afrique.

Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1-3 ()
Pages: 1-29

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Handle: RePEc:paf:journl:v:4:y:2009:i:1-3:p:1-29
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  1. Maurizio Bussolo & Rafael E. De Hoyos, 2009. "Gender Aspects of the Trade and Poverty Nexus : A Macro-Micro Approach," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13264, September.
  2. Jeanne Koopman, 2009. "Globalization, Gender, and Poverty in the Senegal River Valley," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 253-285.
  3. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-66, May.
  4. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
  5. Christiaensen, Luc & Scott, Christopher & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Poverty Measurement and Analysis," MPRA Paper 45362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Ravallion, Martin & Shaohua Chen, 2001. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2666, The World Bank.
  7. Azam, Jean-Paul & Dia, Magueye & Tsimpo, Clarence & Wodon, Quentin, 2007. "Has Growth in Senegal After the 1994 Devaluation Been Pro-Poor?," MPRA Paper 11110, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Dorothee Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2009. "A Macro-Micro Analysis of the Effects of Electricity Reform in Senegal on Poverty and Distribution," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3), pages 351-368.
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