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Tendance et profil de la pauvreté au Sénégal de 1994 à 2006

Author

Listed:
  • Djibril Ndoye
  • Franck Adoho
  • Prospère Backiny-Yetna
  • Mariama Fall
  • Papa Thiecouta Ndiaye
  • Quentin Wodon

Abstract

L’objectif de cette étude est de présenter des estimations comparables de la pauvreté au Sénégal en utilisant les données des enquêtes ESAM I de 1994-95, ESAM II de 2001-02, et ESPS de 2005/06. L’étude comprend aussi un profil de la pauvreté sur la base des caractéristiques sociodémographiques des ménages. Les estimations reposent sur l’approche du coût des besoins de base qui consiste à estimer la part de la population ou des ménages capables de s’acheter un panier de biens alimentaires de base majoré d’un montant pour les dépenses non alimentaires. Au niveau national, la part des ménages en situation de pauvreté a diminué de 67,9% en 1994/95 à 57,1% en 2001/02, et enfin 50,8 % en 2005/06. Cependant, la pauvreté a diminué davantage en zones urbaines qu’en zones rurales. De fortes différences dans les niveaux de pauvreté sont aussi observées selon les caractéristiques des ménages, dont leur taille, l’éducation de leurs membres et le type d’emploi ou d’occupation exercé.

Suggested Citation

  • Djibril Ndoye & Franck Adoho & Prospère Backiny-Yetna & Mariama Fall & Papa Thiecouta Ndiaye & Quentin Wodon, 2009. "Tendance et profil de la pauvreté au Sénégal de 1994 à 2006," Perspective Afrique, Association Africaine pour les Sciences sociales, vol. 4(1-3), pages 1-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:paf:journl:v:4:y:2009:i:1-3:p:1-29
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jeanne Koopman, 2009. "Globalization, Gender, and Poverty in the Senegal River Valley," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 253-285.
    2. Foster, James & Greer, Joel & Thorbecke, Erik, 1984. "A Class of Decomposable Poverty Measures," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 52(3), pages 761-766, May.
    3. Azam, Jean-Paul & Dia, Magueye & Tsimpo, Clarence & Wodon, Quentin, 2007. "Has Growth in Senegal After the 1994 Devaluation Been Pro-Poor?," MPRA Paper 11110, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Maurizio Bussolo & Rafael E. De Hoyos, 2009. "Gender Aspects of the Trade and Poverty Nexus : A Macro-Micro Approach," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13264.
    5. Ravallion, Martin & Chen, Shaohua, 2003. "Measuring pro-poor growth," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 78(1), pages 93-99, January.
    6. Dorothee Boccanfuso & Antonio Estache & Luc Savard, 2009. "A Macro-Micro Analysis of the Effects of Electricity Reform in Senegal on Poverty and Distribution," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3), pages 351-368.
    7. Christiaensen, Luc & Scott, Christopher & Wodon, Quentin, 2002. "Poverty Measurement and Analysis," MPRA Paper 45362, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Ravallion, M. & Datt, G., 1991. "Growth and Redistribution Components of Changes in Poverty Measures," Papers 83, World Bank - Living Standards Measurement.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Backiny-Yetna, Prospère & Camara, Mayacine & Ndoye, Djibril & Ndiaye, Papa Thiecouta & Tsimpo, Clarence & Wodon, Quentin, 2010. "Progrès accomplis dans le cadre de la stratégie pour la croissance et la réduction de la pauvreté au Sénégal
      [Progress under the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy of Senegal]
      ," MPRA Paper 34419, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Fall, Abdou & Salmon, Léa & Wodon, Quentin, 2010. "Impact sur la pauvreté et perceptions de la crise économique au Sénégal: Analyses quantitative et qualitative
      [Impact on Poverty and Perceptions of the Economic Crisis in Senegal: Quantitative and
      ," MPRA Paper 34417, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Sylvie Lambert & Philippe De Vreyer, 2017. "By ignoring intra-household inequality do we underestimate the extent of poverty?," Working Papers DT/2017/05, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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