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Country Road Take Me Home: Migration Patterns in the Appalachia America and Place-Based Policy

  • Partridge, Mark
  • Betz, Mike

This research fills a void in the regional development literature by assessing how labor force migration affects regional adjustment in peripheral regions and whether it differs than the rest of the country. We do this by comparing patterns for the lagging Appalachian region to the U.S. as a whole for the 1990s and post-2000 periods. We appraise whether successful job creation helps the original residents seeking employment, or primarily goes to outsiders, rendering place-based development policy ineffective. In a novel addition, we also appraise whether local job creation is associated with attracting relatively wealthier net-migrants. Because different relative migration elasticities imply different responses for other labor market outcomes, we also assess whether employment growth supports original residents in terms of lifting median household incomes and employment/population rates and reducing unemployment rates and poverty rates. We find that migration post-2000 has become less responsive to employment growth differentials, which allows successful economic development to lift the employment prospects of original residents, which also produces a stronger response in reducing local poverty rates.

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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 38293.

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Date of creation: 2012
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38293
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  18. Alessandra Faggian & Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman, 2012. "Cultural avoidance and internal migration in the USA: do the source countries matter?," Chapters, in: Migration Impact Assessment, chapter 6, pages 203-224 Edward Elgar.
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  34. Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S., 2007. "Persistent Pockets of Extreme American Poverty and Job Growth: Is There a Place-Based Policy Role?," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 32(01), April.
  35. Bianca Biagi & Alessandra Faggian & Philip McCann, 2011. "Long and Short Distance Migration in Italy: The Role of Economic, Social and Environmental Characteristics," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(1), pages 111-131.
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