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The Dispersion of US State Unemployment Rates: The Role of Market and Non-market Equilibrium Factors

Author

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  • Mark Partridge
  • Dan Rickman

Abstract

PARTRIDGE M. D. and RICKMAN D. S. (1997) The dispersion of US state unemployment rates: the role of market and nonmarket equilibrium factors, Reg. Studies 31, 593-607. European nations, particularly the UK, have been observed to have persistent dispersion in regional unemployment rates. The dispersion is often hypothesized to be caused by centralized collective bargaining and government policies that limit regional labour market adjustments. Although the US labour market is considered more exible, possessing higher rates of labour mobility and less government mandates, there also is persistent dispersion in US state unemployment rates. This paper investigates the factors that underlie the persistent dispersion in US state unemployment rates. The factors examined include amenities, crime, education, home ownership and residency patterns, industry composition and international migration. PARTRIDGE M. D. et RICKMAN D. S. (1997) La dispersion des taux de chomage aux Etats-Unis sur le plan des etats: l'importance des facteurs au sein et en dehors du marche, Reg. Studies 31, 593-607. On a remarque que la dispersion des taux de chomage regionaux aux pays d'Europe, et notamment au Royaume-Uni, persiste. On laisse souvent supposer que la dispersion remonte aux negociations centralisees entre les partenaires sociaux et aux politiques gouvernementales qui limitent la capacite d'adaptation des marches du travail regionaux. Bien que le marche du travail aux EtatsUnis soit considere plus souple, caracterise par des taux de mobilite plus eleves et par des mandats gouvernementaux moins nombreux, il y a aussi une dispersion persistente des taux de chomage aux Etats-Unis sur le plan des etats. Cet article cherche a examiner les facteurs qui sous-tendent la dispersion persistente des taux de chomage aux Etats-Unis sur le plan des etats, y compris l'equipement, le crime, l'education, la distribution des proprietaires et des lieux de residence, la structure industrielle et la migration internationale. PARTRIDGE M. D. und RICKMAN D. S. (1997) Die Streuung staatenspezifischer Erwerbslosigkeit in den Vereinigten Staaten Amerikas: die Rolle der vom Markt bestimmten und nicht-marktbestimmten Gleichgewichtsfaktoren, Reg. Studies 31, 593-607. Europaische Staaten, besonders das Vereinigte Konigreich von Grossbritannien, weisen anhaltende Streuung regionaler Erwerbslosigkeitsraten auf. Es ist oft die Hypothese aufgestellt worden, dass die Streuung durch zentral gesteuerte Tarifverhandlungen und eine Regierungspolitik verursacht wird, die regionale Arbeitsmarktanpassung einschranken. Obschon der Arbeitsmarkt in den Vereinigten Staaten fur exibler gehalten wird, hohere Raten der Mobilitat von Arbeitskraften und weniger Regierungsverfugungen aufweist, gibt es auch in den Vereinigten Staaten hartnackige Streuung bei den Erwerbslosenraten. Diesbezuglich untersuchte Faktoren schliessen zur Verfugung stehende Annehmlichkeiten, Verbrechen, Bildungswesen, Hausbesitz und Anwohnermuster, Zusammensetzung der Industrie und internationale Wanderung ein.

Suggested Citation

  • Mark Partridge & Dan Rickman, 1997. "The Dispersion of US State Unemployment Rates: The Role of Market and Non-market Equilibrium Factors," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(6), pages 593-606.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:31:y:1997:i:6:p:593-606
    DOI: 10.1080/00343409750131721
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