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Geographical Labour Mobility: Migration or Commuting?

  • Kent Eliasson
  • Urban Lindgren
  • Olle Westerlund

ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. and WESTERLUND O. (2003) Geographical labour mobility: migration or commuting?, Reg. Studies 37 , 827-837. In this paper, we examine how individual labour market status and spatial variations in employment opportunities influence interregional job search behaviour and mobility decisions in Sweden. The econometric analysis is based on 290,000 individual observations and refers to the years 1994-95. The empirical results show that the probability of interregional labour mobility unexpectedly decreases with the accessibility to employment opportunities in neighbouring regions. As expected, the findings reveal that accessibility to job openings in surrounding regions significantly increases the likelihood of choosing commuting as the mobility mode. Moreover, the empirical findings indicate that individual unemployment experience increases the likelihood of mobility as well as migration. ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. et WESTERLUND O. (2003) La mobilite geographique du travail: la migration ou les migrations quotidiennes?, Reg. Studies 37 , 827-837. Cet article cherche a examiner comment l'importance des marches du travail et la variation geographique des possibilites d'emploi particulieres influent sur le comportement pour ce qui est de la recherche d'emploi interregionale et de la mobilite en Suede. L'analyse econometrique est fondee sur 290 000 observations individuelles et remonte a la periode de 1994 a 1995. Les resultats empiriques laissent voir que la probabilite de la mobilite interregionale du travail decroisse de facon inattendue en fonction de l'accessibilite des possibilites d' emploi dans les regions voisines. Comme prevu, les resultats laissent voir que l'accessibilite des possibilites de travail dans les regions environnantes augmente sensiblement la probabilite que les migrations quotidiennes vont devenir le mode prefere pour se rendre au travail. En outre, les resultats laissent voir que le profil individuel quant aux situations de chomage augmente la probabilite de la mobilite ainsi que de la migration. ELIASSON K., LINDGREN U. und WESTERLUND O. (2003) Geographische Mobilitat von Arbeitskra ften, Reg. Studies 37 , 827-837. In diesem Aufsatz wird untersucht, inwiefern in Schweden individuelle Arbeitsmarktstellung und raumliche Abweichungen bei offenen Stellen interregionales Verhalten bei Stellensuche und Mobilita tsentscheidungen beeinflussen. Die okonornische, Analyse stutzt sich auf 290,000 Einzelbeobachtungen und bezieht sich auf die Jahre 1994-1995. Die empirischen Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Wahrscheinlichkeit interregionaler Mobilitat von Arbeitskraften uberraschenderweise mit der Zuganglichkeit offener Stellen in benachbarten Regionen abnimmt. Wie erwartet, zeigen die Befunde, dass die Zuganglichkeit offener Stellen in den Regionen der Umgebung die Wahrscheinlichkeit, Pendeln als Mobilitatsform zu wahlen, signifikant zunehmen lasst. Ausserdem weisen die empirischen Befunde darauf hin, dass derjenige, der weiss, was es bedeutet, arbeitslos zu sein, eher zu Mobilitat wie auch zu Wanderung neigt.

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 8 ()
Pages: 827-837

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:8:p:827-837
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