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Differences in Opportunities? Wage, Employment and House-Price Effects on Migration

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  • Birgitta Rabe
  • Mark P. Taylor

Abstract

Most previous empirical studies of individual migration choice analyze the reasons associated with out-migration from an origin location. In contrast, we model the migration decision within the context of potential destinations, using British panel data over the period 1991-2003. Contrary to earlier micro studies we show that regional differences in expected individual wages, employment opportunities, and house prices are important determinants of migration, thus confirming results of aggregate analyses. Moreover, we find that it is important to control for unobserved individual heterogeneity. After doing so, the effects on migration choice of individual unemployment and being a council tenant disappear.
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  • Birgitta Rabe & Mark P. Taylor, 2012. "Differences in Opportunities? Wage, Employment and House-Price Effects on Migration," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 74(6), pages 831-855, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:obuest:v:74:y:2012:i:6:p:831-855
    DOI: j.1468-0084.2011.00682.x
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    1. Christoph Kern, 2014. "Regional Structures and Mobility Dispositions: A Multilevel Proportional- & Partial-Proportional Odds Approach," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 681, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
    2. Jennifer Roberts & Karl Taylor, 2017. "Intra-household commuting choices and local labour markets," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(3), pages 734-757.
    3. Kawata, Keisuke & Nakajima, Kentaro & Sato, Yasuhiro, 2016. "Multi-region job search with moving costs," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 114-129.
    4. Anton Nilsson, 2015. "Who suffers from unemployment? The role of health and skills," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 4(1), pages 1-24, December.
    5. Tong, De & Wang, Zhenguo & Hong, Yu Hung & Liu, Chengming, 2019. "Assessing the possibility of charging for public leasehold renewal in China," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    6. Xiaohong Deng & Lei Gong & Yanfang Gao & Xiaoqing Cui & Ke Xu, 2018. "Internal Differentiation within the Rural Migrant Population from the Sustainable Urban Development Perspective: Evidence from China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(12), pages 1-15, December.
    7. Ademir Rocha & Cleomar Gomes da Silva, Fernando Perobelli, 2020. "Inflation and Labor Migration: Modelling the Venezuelan Case," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2020_05, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    8. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Cristina Borra, 2018. "Internal Mobility after the Expansion of the Welfare State: Evidence from Spain," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1806, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    9. Amior, Michael & Manning, Alan, 2019. "Commuting, migration and local joblessness," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 102745, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    10. Keisuke Kawata & Kentaro Nakajima & Yasuhiro Sato, 2013. "Analyzing the impact of labor market integration," Discussion Papers in Economics and Business 13-28, Osaka University, Graduate School of Economics.
    11. Marta Gwiaździńska-Goraj & Katarzyna Pawlewicz & Aleksandra Jezierska-Thöle, 2020. "Differences in the Quantitative Demographic Potential—A Comparative Study of Polish–German and Polish–Lithuanian Transborder Regions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(22), pages 1-27, November.
    12. Chen Zhu & Da Zhao & Zhiyi Qiu, 2019. "Internal and External Effect of Estate Investment upon Regional Innovation in China," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(3), pages 513-530, February.
    13. Liang, Wenquan & Lu, Ming & Zhang, Hang, 2016. "Housing prices raise wages: Estimating the unexpected effects of land supply regulation in China," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 70-81.
    14. D. Isebaert, 2013. "Housing Tenure and Geographical Mobility in Belgium," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 13/855, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    15. Hiller, Norbert & Lerbs, Oliver W., 2016. "Aging and urban house prices," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 276-291.
    16. Acharyya, Rajat & Kar, Saibal, 2017. "On Asymmetric Migration Patterns from Developing Countries," GLO Discussion Paper Series 4, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    17. KAWATA Keisuke & NAKAJIMA Kentaro & SATO Yasuhiro, 2014. "Competitive Search with Moving Costs," Discussion papers 14052, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).

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