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Labour market programmes and geographical mobility: migration and commuting among programme participants and openly unemployed

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Abstract

We study migration and commuting among participants in labour market programmes and individuals in open unemployment. Post-programme mobility of participants in Employment Training, which is a supply-orientated program, is compared to the mobility of individuals participating in two demand-orientated programmes and the openly unemployed. The empirical results indicate higher geographical mobility among participants in Employment Training as compared to participants in Relief Work and the Work Experience Scheme. Individuals participating in Employment Training also have a higher probability of mobility than the openly unemployed. In this case, this is due to the relatively higher probability of commuting that predominates the relatively lower probability of migration. Hence, our results indicate that different labour market programmes are associated with different amounts of post-programme mobility. Moreover, using functional regional labour markets as the regional entity, we find interregional commuting to be relatively more important than migration as a means of geographical labour mobility.

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  • Lindgren, Urban & Westerlund, Olle, 2003. "Labour market programmes and geographical mobility: migration and commuting among programme participants and openly unemployed," Working Paper Series 2003:6, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2003_006
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    1. repec:pri:cepsud:158krueger is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Arntz, Melanie, 2005. "The Geographical Mobility of Unemployed Workers: Evidence from West Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-34, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Boman, Anders, 2012. "Employment effects of extended geographic scope in job search," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 643-652.
    4. Anders Forslund & Alan Krueger, 2010. "Did Active Labor Market Policies Help Sweden Rebound from the Depression of the Early 1990s?," NBER Chapters,in: Reforming the Welfare State: Recovery and Beyond in Sweden, pages 159-187 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Geographical labour mobility; labour market programmes; migration; commuting;

    JEL classification:

    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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