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Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Evaluierungsergebnisse für Deutschland, Schweden, Dänemark und die Niederlande

Listed author(s):
  • Rabe, Birgitta

Hohe Teilnehmerzahlen sowie ein beträchtlicher Mitteleinsatz für arbeitsmarktpolitische Maßnahmen haben in den letzten Jahren zu einem gesteigerten Interesse an den Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik geführt. In dieser Literaturstudie wird daher danach gefragt, was sich nach dem aktuellen Stand der Evaluierungsforschung über die bisherige Wirksamkeit aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland sagen lässt. Welche Instrumente funktionieren für welche Personengruppen und welche Maßnahmengestaltung ist zu bevorzugen? Welche makroökonomischen Effekte hat die aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik? Welche Erkenntnisse sind gesichert und welche Fragen lassen sich noch nicht beantworten? Auch die Erfahrungen in Schweden, Dänemark und den Niederlanden werden hinzugezogen, um gegebenenfalls nachahmenswerte Modelle beim Einsatz aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik zu identifizieren. Bei ebenfalls hohen Ausgaben für aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik waren zumindest Dänemark und die Niederlande in den vergangenen Jahren beschäftigungspolitisch weit erfolgreicher als Deutschland. Allerdings war dafür neben der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik eine jeweils spezifische Kombination u.a. aus arbeitsrechtlicher Regulierung, Tarifpolitik sowie ökonomischer Rahmenbedingungen verantwortlich, so dass sich ein Erfolgsmodell nicht ohne weiteres kopieren lässt.

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Paper provided by Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB) in its series Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment with number FS I 00-208.

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Date of creation: 2000
Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:fsi00208
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References listed on IDEAS
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  1. Kraus Florian & Puhani Patrick & Steiner Viktor, 1999. "Employment Effects of Publicly Financed Training Programs – The East German Experience / Beschäftigungseffekte von Fortbildungs- und Umschulungsmaßnahmen in Ostdeutschland," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 219(1-2), pages 216-248, February.
  2. Dahlberg, M. & Forslund, A., 1999. "Direct Displacement Effects of Labour Market Programmes: the Case of Sweden," Papers 1999:22, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  3. Hujer Reinhard & Maurer Kai-Oliver & Wellner Marc, 1999. "Estimating the Effect of Vocational Training on Unemployment Duration in West Germany / Auswirkungen beruflicher Weiterbildung auf die Arbeitslosigkeitsdauer in Westdeutschland: A Discrete Hazard Rate," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 218(5-6), pages 619-646, October.
  4. Brännäs, Kurt, 2000. "Estimation in a Duration Model for Evaluating Educational Programs," IZA Discussion Papers 103, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  5. Lechner, Michael, 1999. "An Evaluation of Public-Sector-Sponsored Continuous Vocational Training Programs in East Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 93, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Robert G. Fay, 1996. "Enhancing the Effectiveness of Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence from Programme Evaluations in OECD Countries," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 18, OECD Publishing.
  7. Kraus, Florian & Puhani, Patrick A. & Steiner, Viktor, 1998. "Do public works programs work? Some unpleasant results from the East German experience," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-07, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  8. Kornelius Kraft, 1998. "An evaluation of active and passive labour market policy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(6), pages 783-793.
  9. repec:fth:prinin:332 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Eichler, Martin & Lechner, Michael, 1999. "An Evaluation of Public Employment Programmes in the East German State of Sachsen-Anhalt," IZA Discussion Papers 94, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  11. John P. Martin, 1998. "What Works Among Active Labour Market Policies: Evidence From OECD Countries' Experiences," OECD Labour Market and Social Policy Occasional Papers 35, OECD Publishing.
  12. Larsson, L., 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Papers 2000:6, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
  13. Markus Pannenberg & Johannes Schwarze, 1996. "Unemployment, Labor Market Training Programs and Regional Wages: An Extended Wage Curve Approach," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 139, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  14. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, M.S. & Rosholm, M., 1999. "The Effects of Benefits, Incentives, and Sanctions on Youth Employment," Papers 99-05, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
  15. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:6, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  16. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Prey, Hedwig, 2000. "Evaluating Public Sector Sponsored Training in East Germany," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 52(3), pages 497-520, July.
  17. repec:hhs:iuiwop:429 is not listed on IDEAS
  18. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 1998. "Business Start-ups by the Unemployed - an Econometric Analysis Based on Firm Data," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-38, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  19. Almus, Matthias & Egeln, Jürgen & Lechner, Michael & Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Spengler, Hannes, 1998. "Die gemeinnützige Arbeitnehmerüberlassung in Rheinland-Pfalz: Eine ökonometrische Analyse des Wiedereingliederungserfolgs," ZEW Discussion Papers 98-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  20. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish youth labour market programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:1, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
  21. Fredriksson, P., 1995. "The Dynamics of Regional Labour Markets and Active Labour Market Policy: Swedish Evidence," Papers 1995-20, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
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