IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Lessons learned: Internationale Evaluierungsergebnisse zu Wirkungen aktiver und aktivierender Arbeitsmarktpolitik

  • Konle-Seidl, Regina

    ()

    (Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany])

Registered author(s):

    "In Deutschland wird jährlich rund ein Prozent der volkswirtschaftlichen Wertschöpfung (BIP) für aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik (AAMP) ausgegeben, die im ursprünglichen Sinn eigentlich Investitionen darstellen sollten. Aus Ländern mit ähnlich hohen Ausgaben für aktive Arbeitsmarktpolitik - aber einer ausgeprägteren Evaluationskultur als hierzulande - gibt es Hinweise, dass trotz hohen Ressourcenaufwands das Ziel einer beschleunigten Reintegration von Arbeitslosen in Beschäftigung verfehlt wird. Der Überblick fasst Ergebnisse aktueller nationaler und internationaler Evaluationsstudien zu direkten und indirekten Effekten von AAMP auf die messbaren Zielgrößen individuelle Beschäftigungschancen und (sekundär) Einkommen zusammen. Dabei steht die Frage im Mittelpunkt, welche Instrumente/ Maßnahmen/Programme über Ländergrenzen hinweg als effektiv und als effizient (soweit Kosten einbezogen werden konnten) einzustufen sind. Während die Ergebnisse der Evaluierungsstudien ein überwiegend enttäuschendes Resultat hinsichtlich der Wirkung der 'klassischen' Instrumente der AAMP erbrachten, ist die empirische Evidenz der Wirksamkeit einer 'aktivierenden' Arbeitsmarktpolitik hoch. Die Einbeziehung von Anreizeffekten, die sich aus der Interaktion mit der Arbeitslosenunterstützung ergeben, hat einen entscheidenden Einfluss auf Erfolg bzw. Misserfolg einer Vielzahl von Maßnahmen. In Deutschland scheint man in den vergangenen Jahren die entsprechenden Lektionen ('Lessons learned') hinsichtlich der Eingrenzung negativer Anreizeffekte von Lohnersatzleistungen und der Begrenzung von negativen Voraus-, Neben- und Nachwirkungen von AAMP im Rahmen der Durchsetzung einer Politik des 'Forderns' gelernt zu haben. Offen bleibt die Frage nach einer wirksameren Ausgestaltung des 'Förderns'. Darauf aufbauend werden einige Überlegungen angestellt, wie Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland künftig wieder einen stärker investiven Charakter erhalten könnte. Damit AAMP zu nachhaltigen Investitionen in die Bildungs- und Beschäftigungsfähigkeit der Erwerbslosen und Erwerbstätigen führt, könnten beispielsweise Anreize zur Umwandlung von Arbeitslosengeldansprüchen in Bildungsgutscheine geschaffen werden. Damit könnte nicht nur eine stärker präventive Orientierung der AAMP erfolgen, sondern ein effektiverer (und u. U. auch effizienterer) Beitrag zur Behebung der Bildungsmisere in Deutschland geleistet werden, die nicht nur den Beschäftigungsbereich der niedrigen Qualifikationen betrifft, sondern durchgehend alle Qualifikationsstufen." (Autorenreferat, IAB-Doku)

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://doku.iab.de/forschungsbericht/2005/fb0905.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany] in its series IAB-Forschungsbericht with number 200509.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 66 pages
    Date of creation: 22 Feb 2005
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:iab:iabfob:200509
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Regensburger Str. 104, D-90327 Nürnberg
    Phone: 0911/179-0
    Fax: 0911/179-3258
    Web page: http://www.iab.de/
    Email:


    More information through EDIRC

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    as in new window
    1. Martin, John P. & Grubb, David, 2001. "What works and for whom: a review of OECD countries' experiences with active labour market policies," Working Paper Series 2001:14, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    2. Francesconi, Marco & van der Klaauw, Wilbert, 2004. "The Consequences of ‘In-Work’ Benefit Reform in Britain: New Evidence from Panel Data," IZA Discussion Papers 1248, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Kluve, Jochen & Lehmann, Hartmut & Schmidt, Christoph M., 1999. "Active Labor Market Policies in Poland: Human Capital Enhancement, Stigmatization or Benefit Churning," IZA Discussion Papers 30, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Pfeiffer, Friedhelm & Reize, Frank, 2000. "Business start-ups by the unemployed -- an econometric analysis based on firm data," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 7(5), pages 629-663, September.
    5. Calmfors, Lars & Forslund, Anders & Hemström, Maria, 2002. "Does Active Labour Market Policy Work? Lessons from the Swedish Experiences," Seminar Papers 700, Stockholm University, Institute for International Economic Studies.
    6. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish youth labour market programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:1, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    7. Hujer, Reinhard & Caliendo, Marco & Zeiss, Christopher & Blien, Uwe, 2002. "Macroeconometric evaluation of active labour market policies in Germany - a dynamic panel approach using regional data," ERSA conference papers ersa02p225, European Regional Science Association.
    8. Olivier Blanchard & Justin Wolfers, 1999. "The Role of Shocks and Institutions in the Rise of European Unemployment: The Aggregate Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7282, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Zweimuller, Josef & Winter- Ebmer, Rudolf, 1992. "Manpower Training Programs and Employment Stability," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt87z0674q, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
    10. Patrick A. Puhani, 2000. "Poland on the dole: The effect of reducing the unemployment benefit entitlement period during transition," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 13(1), pages 35-44.
    11. Lechner, Michael & Miquel, Ruth & Wunsch, Conny, 2004. "Long-Run Effects of Public Sector Sponsored Training in West Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 1443, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Jensen, P. & Nielsen, M.S. & Rosholm, M., 1999. "The Effects of Benefits, Incentives, and Sanctions on Youth Employment," Papers 99-05, Centre for Labour Market and Social Research, Danmark-.
    13. repec:dgr:kubcen:200219 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Rabe, Birgitta, 2000. "Wirkungen aktiver Arbeitsmarktpolitik: Evaluierungsergebnisse für Deutschland, Schweden, Dänemark und die Niederlande," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 00-208, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    15. Dahlberg, Matz & Forslund, Anders, 1999. "Direct displacement effects of labour market programmes: the case of Sweden," Working Paper Series 1999:7, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    16. Kenneth Carling & Bertil Holmlund & Altin Vejsiu, 2000. "Do Benefit Cuts Boost Job Findings? Swedish Evidence From the 1990s," CESifo Working Paper Series 365, CESifo Group Munich.
    17. van den Berg, Gerard J & van der Klaauw, Bas & van Ours, Jan C, 2000. "Punitive Sanctions and the Transition Rate From Welfare to Work," CEPR Discussion Papers 2447, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    18. Larsson, L., 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Papers 2000:6, Uppsala - Working Paper Series.
    19. Fitzenberger, Bernd & Speckesser, Stefan, 2000. "Zur wissenschaftlichen Evaluation der aktiven Arbeitsmarktpolitik in Deutschland: Ein Überblick," ZEW Discussion Papers 00-06, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    20. Gerard van den Berg & Bas van der Klaauw, 2000. "Counseling and Monitoring of Unemployed Workers: Theory and Evidence from a Social Experiment," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 0972, Econometric Society.
    21. Lalive, R. & van Ours, J.C. & Zweimüller, J., 2000. "The Impact of Active Labor Market Programs and Benefit Entitlement Rules on the Duration of Unemployment," Discussion Paper 2000-41, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    22. Ours, Jan van & Vodopivec, Milan, 2005. "How changes in benefits entitlement affect job-finding: lessons from the slovenian experiment," Social Protection Discussion Papers 32548, The World Bank.
    23. Rafael Lalive & Jan C. van Ours & Josef Zweimüller, . "The Effect of Benefit Sanctions on the Duration of Unemployment," IEW - Working Papers 110, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
    24. Winter-Ebmer, Rudolf, 2001. "Evaluating An Innovative Redundancy-Retraining Project: The Austrian Steel Foundation," CEPR Discussion Papers 2776, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    25. Calmfors, L. & Skedinger, P., 1995. "Does Active Labour Market Policy Increase Employment? - Theoretical Considerations and Some Empirical Evidence from Sweden," Papers 590, Stockholm - International Economic Studies.
    26. Kornelius Kraft, 1998. "An evaluation of active and passive labour market policy," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(6), pages 783-793.
    27. repec:ner:tilbur:urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-89213 is not listed on IDEAS
    28. Cees Gorter & Guyonne R. J. Kalb, 1996. "Estimating the Effect of Counseling and Monitoring the Unemployed Using a Job Search Model," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 31(3), pages 590-610.
    29. Larsson, Laura, 2000. "Evaluation of Swedish Youth Labour Market Programmes," Working Paper Series 2000:6, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
    30. Boone, Jan & van Ours, Jan C, 2004. "Effective Active Labour Market Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 4707, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    31. Gangl, Markus, 2002. "Unemployment benefits as a search subsidy: New evidence on duration and wage effects of unemployment insurance," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment FS I 02-208, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:iab:iabfob:200509. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (IAB, Geschäftsbereich Dokumentation und Bibliothek)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.