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Persistent Pockets of Extreme American Poverty and Job Growth: Is There a Place-Based Policy Role?

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  • Partridge, Mark D.
  • Rickman, Dan S.

Abstract

Over the past four decades almost 400 U.S. counties have persistently experienced poverty rates in excess of 20%. This raises the question of whether poverty-reducing policies should be directed more at helping people or helping the places where they reside. Using a variety of approaches, including geographically weighted regression analysis, we find that local job growth especially reduces poverty in persistent-poverty counties. Findings also show that these counties do not respond more sluggishly to exogenous shocks. Finally, this analysis identifies some key geographic differences among persistent-poverty clusters. Taken together, place-based economic development has a potential role for reducing poverty in these counties.

Suggested Citation

  • Partridge, Mark D. & Rickman, Dan S., 2007. "Persistent Pockets of Extreme American Poverty and Job Growth: Is There a Place-Based Policy Role?," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 32(01), April.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:jlaare:8599
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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/8599
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Seong-Hoon Cho & Suhyun Jung & Roland K. Roberts & Seung Gyu Kim, 2012. "Interrelationship between poverty and the wildland--urban interface in metropolitan areas of the Southern US," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(11), pages 1405-1416, April.
    2. Peters, David J., 2013. "Understanding the Poverty U-turn Across Geographic Scales in the American Midwest, 1980-2010," Journal of Regional Analysis and Policy, Mid-Continent Regional Science Association, vol. 43(2).
    3. Cai, Ruohong & Yu, Danlin & Oppenheimer, Michael, 2014. "Estimating the Spatially Varying Responses of Corn Yields toWeather Variations using GeographicallyWeighted Panel Regression," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 39(2), August.
    4. Cho, Seong-Hoon & Lambert, Dayton M. & Kim, Seung Gyu & Jung, Suhyun, 2009. "Extreme coefficients in Geographically Weighted Regression and their effects on mapping," 2009 Annual Meeting, July 26-28, 2009, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 49117, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    5. Jensen, Tomas & Deller, Steven, 2007. "Spatial Modeling of the Migration of Older People with a Focus on Amenities," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 37(3), pages 303-343.
    6. Mark D. Partridge & Dan S. Rickman & M. Rose Olfert & Ying Tan, 2015. "When Spatial Equilibrium Fails: Is Place-Based Policy Second Best?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(8), pages 1303-1325, August.
    7. B. James Deaton & Ekaterina Niman, 2012. "An empirical examination of the relationship between mining employment and poverty in the Appalachian region," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(3), pages 303-312, January.
    8. Behaghel, Luc & Lorenceau, Adrien & Quantin, Simon, 2015. "Replacing churches and mason lodges? Tax exemptions and rural development," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(C), pages 1-15.
    9. repec:sae:urbstu:v:54:y:2017:i:8:p:1956-1973 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. John V Winters & Yu Li, 2017. "Urbanisation, natural amenities and subjective well-being: Evidence from US counties," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 54(8), pages 1956-1973, June.
    11. Alessandra Faggian & M. Rose Olfert & Mark D. Partridge, 2011. "Inferring regional well-being from individual revealed preferences: the 'voting with your feet' approach," Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 5(1), pages 163-180.
    12. Lewandowska-Gwarda Karolina, 2014. "Spatial Analysis Of Foreign Migration In Poland In 2012 Using Geographically Weighted Regression," Comparative Economic Research, De Gruyter Open, vol. 17(4), pages 137-154, December.
    13. Sven Müller, 2012. "Identifying spatial nonstationarity in German regional firm start-up data," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 32(2), pages 113-132, September.
    14. Partridge, Mark & Betz, Mike, 2012. "Country Road Take Me Home: Migration Patterns in the Appalachia America and Place-Based Policy," MPRA Paper 38293, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. David J. Peters, 2011. "Place-Based Income Inequality Clusters in the Rural North Central Region, 1979–2009," Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 33(2), pages 222-240.
    16. Yuanshuo Xu & Mildred E Warner, 2016. "Does devolution crowd out development? A spatial analysis of US local government fiscal effort," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 48(5), pages 871-890, May.

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