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Paying for ATM usage : good for consumers, bad for banks ?


  • Donze, Jocelyn
  • Dubec, Isabelle


We compare the effects of the three most common ATM pricing regimes on consumers’ welfare and banks’ profits. We consider cases where the ATM usage is free, where customers pay a foreign fee to their bank and where they pay a foreign fee and a surcharge. Paradoxically, when banks set an additional fee profits are decreased. Besides, consumers’ welfare is higher when ATM usage is not free. Surcharges enhance ATM deployment so that consumers prefer paying surcharges when reaching cash is costly. Our results also shed light on the Australian reform that consists in removing the interchange fee.

Suggested Citation

  • Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2008. "Paying for ATM usage : good for consumers, bad for banks ?," MPRA Paper 10892, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:10892

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Christopher R. Knittel & Victor Stango, 2009. "HOW DOES INCOMPATIBILITY AFFECT PRICES?: EVIDENCE FROM ATM'S -super-," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 557-582, September.
    2. Knittel Christopher R. & Stango Victor, 2008. "Incompatibility, Product Attributes and Consumer Welfare: Evidence from ATMs," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 8(1), pages 1-42, January.
    3. Mcandrews James J., 2003. "Automated Teller Machine Network Pricing - A Review of the Literature," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-13, June.
    4. James J. McAndrews, 1998. "ATM surcharges," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 4(Apr).
    5. Nadia Massoud & Anthony Saunders & Barry Scholnick, 2006. "The Impact of ATM Surcharges on Large versus Small Banks: Is There a Switching Effect?," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 79(4), pages 2099-2126, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Stijn Ferrari & Frank Verboven & Hans Degryse, 2010. "Investment and Usage of New Technologies: Evidence from a Shared ATM Network," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(3), pages 1046-1079, June.
    2. Donze Jocelyn & Dubec Isabelle, 2011. "ATM Direct Charging Reform: the Effect of Independent Deployers on Welfare," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-23, June.
    3. Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2010. "The effects of regulating interchange fees at cost on the ATM market," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 187-189, May.
    4. Tobias Wenzel, 2014. "Independent Service Operators in ATM Markets," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 61(1), pages 26-47, February.
    5. Russ Kashian & Richard McGregory & Robert Drago, 2016. "ATM Fees at Black and Hispanic Owned Single Market Banks: A Comparative Analysis," The Review of Black Political Economy, Springer;National Economic Association, vol. 43(1), pages 69-84, March.
    6. Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2009. "La tarification des retraits aux distributeurs automatiques bancaires, une revue de la littérature
      [ATM withdrawal pricing, a survey of the literature]
      ," MPRA Paper 16546, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Wenzel Tobias, 2013. "Naive Consumers, Banking Competition, and ATM Pricing," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 12(3), pages 271-286, October.
    8. Santiago Carbó Valverde & Sujit Chakravorti & Francisco Rodríguez-Fernández, 2009. "Regulating two-sided markets: an empirical investigation," Working Paper Series WP-09-11, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    9. Pedro I. González Ramírez & Leobardo Plata Pérez, 2015. "Análisis teórico de las modificaciones a la regulación de comisiones interbancarias en cajeros automáticos en México," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 30(1), pages 141-178.
    10. Kopsakangas-Savolainen Maria & Takalo Tuomas, 2014. "Competition Before Sunset: The Case of the Finnish ATM Market," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(1), pages 1-33, March.

    More about this item


    Banks ; ATMs ; Interchange Fees ; Welfare;

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • L1 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance

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