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The role of interchange fees in ATM networks


  • Donze, Jocelyn
  • Dubec, Isabelle


We develop a model to study the deployment of shared automated teller machines (ATMs) by banks when an interchange system compensates them for processing foreign withdrawals. The interchange fee is chosen collectively by banks and it is paid by the withdrawer's bank to the ATM-owning bank. We show that a high level of interchange fee softens competition on the market for deposits but increases competition on the market for withdrawals. As the former effect dominates the latter, profits are increasing in the interchange fee. This confirms the presumption that the interchange system can be used as a collusive device by banks. The model predicts an over-provision of ATMs when the number of banks is large. The predictions of the model are shown to be valid under a wide range of assumptions including different cost structures and different pricing schemes of ATM transactions. They are also consistent with the empirical evidence concerning interchange fees and foreign fees.
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Suggested Citation

  • Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2006. "The role of interchange fees in ATM networks," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 29-43, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:indorg:v:24:y:2006:i:1:p:29-43

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Elizabeth W. Croft & Barbara J. Spencer, 2003. "Fees and Surcharging in automatic teller machine networks: Non-bank ATM providers versus large banks," NBER Working Papers 9883, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Matutes, Carmen & Padilla, A. Jorge, 1994. "Shared ATM networks and banking competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 1113-1138, May.
    3. W. Bolt, 2003. "Retail Payments in the Netherlands: some Facts and Some Theory," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 722, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
    4. Mcandrews James J., 2003. "Automated Teller Machine Network Pricing - A Review of the Literature," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-13, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Donze Jocelyn & Dubec Isabelle, 2011. "ATM Direct Charging Reform: the Effect of Independent Deployers on Welfare," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-23, June.
    2. Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2009. "La tarification des retraits aux distributeurs automatiques bancaires, une revue de la littérature
      [ATM withdrawal pricing, a survey of the literature]
      ," MPRA Paper 16546, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Jeon, Doh-Shin & Lefouili, Yassine, 2015. "Cross-Licensing and Competition," CEPR Discussion Papers 10941, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    4. Clare Noone, 2012. "ATM Fees, Pricing and Consumer Behaviour: An Analysis of ATM Network Reform in Australia," RBA Research Discussion Papers rdp2012-03, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    5. Stijn Ferrari & Frank Verboven & Hans Degryse, 2010. "Investment and Usage of New Technologies: Evidence from a Shared ATM Network," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 100(3), pages 1046-1079, June.
    6. Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2010. "The effects of regulating interchange fees at cost on the ATM market," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 107(2), pages 187-189, May.
    7. Tobias Wenzel, 2014. "Independent Service Operators in ATM Markets," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 61(1), pages 26-47, February.
    8. Verdier, Marianne, 2012. "Interchange fees and inefficiencies in the substitution between debit cards and cash," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 682-696.
    9. Pedro I. González Ramírez & Leobardo Plata Pérez, 2015. "Análisis teórico de las modificaciones a la regulación de comisiones interbancarias en cajeros automáticos en México," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 30(1), pages 141-178.
    10. Kopsakangas-Savolainen Maria & Takalo Tuomas, 2014. "Competition Before Sunset: The Case of the Finnish ATM Market," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 13(1), pages 1-33, March.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • L2 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior


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