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The role of interchange fees in ATM networks

  • Jocelyn Donze

    (Gremaq)

  • Isabelle Dubec

    (Gremaq)

We develop a model to study the deployment of shared automated teller machines (ATMs) by banks when an interchange system compensates them for processing foreign withdrawals. The interchange fee is chosen collectively by banks and it is paid by the withdrawer's bank to the ATM-owning bank. We show that a high level of interchange fee softens competition on the market for deposits but increases competition on the market for withdrawals. As the former effect dominates the latter, profits are increasing in the interchange fee. This confirms the presumption that the interchange system can be used as a collusive device by banks. The model predicts an over-provision of ATMs when the number of banks is large. The predictions of the model are shown to be valid under a wide range of assumptions including different cost structures and different pricing schemes of ATM transactions. They are also consistent with the empirical evidence concerning interchange fees and foreign fees.

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File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/io/papers/0311/0311002.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Industrial Organization with number 0311002.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: 26 Nov 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpio:0311002
Note: Type of Document - pdf; prepared on WinXP; pages: 30; figures: Yes
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org

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  1. Mcandrews James J., 2003. "Automated Teller Machine Network Pricing - A Review of the Literature," Review of Network Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 2(2), pages 1-13, June.
  2. Matutes, Carmen & Padilla, A. Jorge, 1994. "Shared ATM networks and banking competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 1113-1138, May.
  3. W. Bolt, 2003. "Retail Payments in the Netherlands: some Facts and Some Theory," WO Research Memoranda (discontinued) 722, Netherlands Central Bank, Research Department.
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