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How Does Incompatibility Affect Prices?: Evidence From Atm'S

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  • CHRISTOPHER R. KNITTEL
  • VICTOR STANGO

Abstract

If consumers value ‘mix and match’ combinations of network complements, incompatibility between different sellers' components should affect prices. In ATM markets, a 1996 governance change exogenously generated such incompatibility, by allowing banks to impose surcharges when other banks' deposit customers use their ATM's. In our data, incompatibility makes the relationship between deposit account pricing and own ATM's more positive, and makes the relationship between deposit account pricing and competitors ATM's more negative. The level effect on prices is positive. The pattern of results is more pronounced in high population density markets, where customers may care more about ATM's.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher R. Knittel & Victor Stango, 2009. "How Does Incompatibility Affect Prices?: Evidence From Atm'S," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 557-582, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jindec:v:57:y:2009:i:3:p:557-582
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-6451.2009.00387.x
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6451.2009.00387.x
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    Cited by:

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    2. Zhu Wang & Fumiko Hayashi, 2011. "Product Innovation and Network Survival in the U.S. ATM and Debit Card Industry," 2011 Meeting Papers 725, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Ioana Chioveanu & Ramon Fauli‐Oller & Joel Sandonis & Juana Santamaria, 2009. "Atm Surcharges: Effects On Deployment And Welfare," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 613-635, September.
    4. Donze, Jocelyn & Dubec, Isabelle, 2009. "La tarification des retraits aux distributeurs automatiques bancaires, une revue de la littérature [ATM withdrawal pricing, a survey of the literature]," MPRA Paper 16546, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Magnac, Thierry, 2015. "Foreign fees and customers'cash withdrawals," TSE Working Papers 15-560, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    6. Magnac, Thierry, 2017. "ATM foreign fees and cash withdrawals," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 117-129.
    7. Alexei Alexandrov, 2015. "Anti-Competitive Interconnection: the effects of the elasticity of consumers' expectations and the shape of the network effects function," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 63(1), pages 74-99, March.
    8. Andre Boik, 2018. "Prediction and Identification in Two-Sided Markets," CESifo Working Paper Series 6857, CESifo.
    9. Alessandro Gavazza, 2011. "Demand spillovers and market outcomes in the mutual fund industry," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 42(4), pages 776-804, December.
    10. Fumiko Hayashi & Zhu Wang, 2008. "Product innovation and network survival in the U.S. ATM and debit card network industry," Research Working Paper RWP 08-14, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City.

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