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Towards more gender equality in Austria

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  • Volker Ziemann

    (OECD)

Abstract

There is ample empirical evidence for strong and persistent patterns of separated gender roles in Austria. While this model is generally considered to have worked well in the past, it faces important challenges arising from societal and economic changes in Austria. Hence, gender mainstreaming with the aim of more gender equality ranks high on the agenda of Austrian policy makers. An integrated policy framework to make Austria more gender-equal should build on 3 pillars: i) make the tax and benefit system more employment friendly ii) extend the care service infrastructure and iii) encourage more flexible workplace practices. Streamlining family policies across regions and levels of government would entail efficiency gains for all pillars. Long-run simulations suggest that achieving more gender equality in Austria could boost GDP by 13 percentage points until 2060. In addition, promoting more gender equality in the Austrian Society will improve Austrians’ well-being. Vers plus d'égalité entre les sexes en Autriche Il existe de nombreuses données empiriques prouvant qu’en Autriche, le modèle de répartition des rôles entre les hommes et les femmes est profondément enraciné, et qu’il persiste. Alors même qu’on considère généralement que ce modèle a bien fonctionné dans le passé, il est aujourd’hui remis en cause de manière importante par les évolutions sociétales et économiques en cours dans le pays. De ce fait, l’intégration systématique d’une démarche soucieuse de l’égalité entre les sexes visant à favoriser l’égalité hommes-femmes est l’une des priorités des responsables de l’action publique autrichiens. Un cadre d’action publique intégré au service d’une plus grande parité devrait s’articuler autour de trois axes principaux : i) rendre le système de prélèvements et de prestations plus favorable à l’emploi ; ii) développer les infrastructures d’accueil et de soins et iii) favoriser l’adoption de pratiques plus souples dans le monde du travail. Rationaliser les politiques familiales entre les différentes régions et les différents niveaux de l’administration entraînerait des gains d’efficience sous ces trois aspects. Les simulations à long terme montrent qu’une meilleure parité hommes-femmes permettrait à l’Autriche de gagner 13 points de PIB d’ici 2060. En outre, promouvoir l’égalité entre les sexes dans la société autrichienne améliorerait le bien-être de la population.

Suggested Citation

  • Volker Ziemann, 2015. "Towards more gender equality in Austria," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1273, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:1273-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5jrp2s4pfbnp-en
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Austria; Autriche; family policies; gender equality; politiques familiales; égalité des sexes;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • D6 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics
    • H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
    • H5 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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