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Childhood Housing and Adult Earnings: A Between-Siblings Analysis of Housing Vouchers and Public Housing

Author

Listed:
  • Fredrik Andersson
  • John C. Haltiwanger
  • Mark J. Kutzbach
  • Giordano E. Palloni
  • Henry O. Pollakowski
  • Daniel H. Weinberg

Abstract

We create a national-level longitudinal data set to analyze how children’s participation in public and voucher-assisted housing affects age 26 earnings and adult incarceration. Naïve OLS estimates suggest that returns to subsidized housing participation are negative, but that relationship is driven by household selection into assisted housing. Household fixed-effects estimates indicate that additional years of public housing and voucher-assisted housing increase adult earnings by 4.9% and 4.7% for females and 5.1% and 2.6% for males, respectively. Childhood participation in assisted housing also reduces the likelihood of adult incarceration for males and females from all household race/ethnicity groups.

Suggested Citation

  • Fredrik Andersson & John C. Haltiwanger & Mark J. Kutzbach & Giordano E. Palloni & Henry O. Pollakowski & Daniel H. Weinberg, 2016. "Childhood Housing and Adult Earnings: A Between-Siblings Analysis of Housing Vouchers and Public Housing," NBER Working Papers 22721, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:22721
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    Cited by:

    1. Raj Chetty & Nathaniel Hendren, 2018. "The Impacts of Neighborhoods on Intergenerational Mobility I: Childhood Exposure Effects," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 133(3), pages 1107-1162.
    2. Ann Owens, 2017. "How Do People-Based Housing Policies Affect People (and Place)?," Housing Policy Debate, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(2), pages 266-281, March.
    3. Cassidy, Michael T., 2020. "A Closer Look: Proximity Boosts Homeless Student Performance in New York City," IZA Discussion Papers 13558, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Nathaniel Baum-Snow & Daniel Hartley & Kwan Ok Lee, 2019. "The Long-Run Effects of Neighborhood Change on Incumbent Families," Working Paper Series WP-2019-2, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    5. Blau, David M. & Haskell, Nancy L. & Haurin, Donald R., 2019. "Are housing characteristics experienced by children associated with their outcomes as young adults?," Journal of Housing Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C).
    6. Sandler, Danielle H., 2017. "Externalities of public housing: The effect of public housing demolitions on local crime," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 24-35.
    7. John C. Haltiwanger & Mark J. Kutzbach & Giordano Palloni & Henry O. Pollakowski & Matthew Staiger & Daniel H. Weinberg, 2020. "The Children of HOPE VI Demolitions: National Evidence on Labor Market Outcomes," Working Papers 20-39, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    8. Ellen, Ingrid Gould, 2020. "What do we know about housing choice vouchers?," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(C).

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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