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Liquidity Shocks and Order Book Dynamics

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  • Bruno Biais
  • Pierre-Olivier Weill

Abstract

We propose a dynamic competitive equilibrium model of limit order trading, based on the premise that investors cannot monitor markets continuously. We study how limit order markets absorb transient liquidity shocks, which occur when a significant fraction of investors lose their willingness and ability to hold assets. We characterize the equilibrium dynamics of market prices, bid-ask spreads, order submissions and cancelations, as well as the volume and limit order book depth they generate.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruno Biais & Pierre-Olivier Weill, 2009. "Liquidity Shocks and Order Book Dynamics," NBER Working Papers 15009, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:15009
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhiguo He & Konstantin Milbradt, 2014. "Endogenous Liquidity and Defaultable Bonds," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 82(4), pages 1443-1508, July.
    2. Guillaume Rocheteau & Pierre‐Olivier Weill, 2011. "Liquidity in Frictional Asset Markets," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 43(s2), pages 261-282, October.
    3. Moriyasu, Hiroshi & Wee, Marvin & Yu, Jing, 2018. "The role of algorithmic trading in stock liquidity and commonality in electronic limit order markets," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 103-128.
    4. Samuel N. Cohen & Lukasz Szpruch, 2011. "A limit order book model for latency arbitrage," Papers 1110.4811, arXiv.org.
    5. Cécile Bastidon, 2017. "Stock markets fragmentation, volatility and final investors," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 13(4), pages 435-451, November.
    6. Dugast, J., 2013. "Limited attention and news arrival in limit order markets," Working papers 449, Banque de France.
    7. Helder Rojas & Artem Logachov & Anatoly Yambartsev, 2020. "Order book dynamics with liquidity fluctuations: limit theorems and large deviations," Papers 2004.10632, arXiv.org, revised Jan 2021.
    8. Jakša Cvitanić & Charles Plott & Chien-Yao Tseng, 2015. "Markets with random lifetimes and private values: mean reversion and option to trade," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 38(1), pages 1-19, April.
    9. Branch, William A., 2016. "Imperfect knowledge, liquidity and bubbles," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 17-42.
    10. Tian, Xiao & Duong, Huu Nhan & Kalev, Petko S., 2019. "Information content of the limit order book for crude oil futures price volatility," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 584-597.
    11. Nikolsko-Rzhevska, Olena & Nikolsko-Rzhevskyy, Alex & Black, Jeffrey R., 2020. "The life of U’s: Order revisions on NASDAQ," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 111(C).

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    JEL classification:

    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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