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Limit order book as a market for liquidity

  • FOUCAULT, Thierry
  • KADAN, Ohad

    (School of Business Administration, Hebrew University, Jerusalem)

  • KANDEL, Eugene

    (School of Business Administration and Department of Economics, Hebrew University, Jerusalem)

We develop a dynamic model of an order-driven market populated by discretionary liquidity traders. These traders must trade, yet can choose the type of order and are fully strategic in their decision. Traders differ by their impatience: less patient traders demand liquidity, more patient traders provide it. Three equilibrium types are obtained - the type is determined by three parameters: the degree of impatience of the patient traders, which we interpret as the cost of execution delay in providing liquidity; their proportion in the population, which is the cost of the minimal price improvement. Despite its simplicity, the model generates a rich set empirical predictions on the relation between market parameters, time to execution, and spreads. We argue that the economic intuition of this model is robust, thus its main results will remain in more general models.

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Paper provided by HEC Paris in its series Les Cahiers de Recherche with number 728.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: 10 Jul 2001
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ebg:heccah:0728
Contact details of provider: Postal: HEC Paris, 78351 Jouy-en-Josas cedex, France
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  16. Madhavan, Ananth, 2000. "Market microstructure: A survey," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 205-258, August.
  17. Biais, Bruno & Hillion, Pierre & Spatt, Chester, 1995. " An Empirical Analysis of the Limit Order Book and the Order Flow in the Paris Bourse," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 50(5), pages 1655-89, December.
  18. Anat R. Admati, Paul Pfleiderer, 1988. "A Theory of Intraday Patterns: Volume and Price Variability," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 1(1), pages 3-40.
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  21. Chung, Kee H. & Van Ness, Bonnie F. & Van Ness, Robert A., 1999. "Limit orders and the bid-ask spread," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(2), pages 255-287, August.
  22. Griffiths, Mark D. & Smith, Brian F. & Turnbull, D. Alasdair S. & White, Robert W., 2000. "The costs and determinants of order aggressiveness," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 56(1), pages 65-88, April.
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